Document Detail

Ferrous fumarate fortification of a chocolate drink powder.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1645995     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
An evaluation was made into the usefulness of ferrous fumarate as an iron fortificant for an experimental chocolate drink powder targetted to children and adolescents. Organoleptically ferrous furmarate was acceptable when the chocolate drink powder was reconstituted in milk or water that was heated to less than 80 degrees. Unacceptable colour changes occurred, however, when boiling milk or water were used. In human Fe absorption studies when the Fe compounds were added to the chocolate drink immediately before consumption, ferrous fumarate was 3.31% absorbed compared with 2.82% for ferrous sulphate and 2.11% for ferric pyrophosphate. When the Fe compounds were processed during the manufacture of the chocolate drink powder, the absorption of ferrous furmarate was 5.27%, ferrous sulphate 2.62% and ferric pyrophosphate 0.55%. Ascorbic acid had little or no effect on the absorption of ferrous furmarate. It is concluded that food processing can influence the relative absorption of fortification Fe and that, if not reconstituted with boiling milk or water, ferrous fumarate could be a useful compound for the fortification of chocolate drink powders.
R F Hurrell; M B Reddy; S A Dassenko; J D Cook
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Comparative Study; Controlled Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The British journal of nutrition     Volume:  65     ISSN:  0007-1145     ISO Abbreviation:  Br. J. Nutr.     Publication Date:  1991 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1991-07-12     Completed Date:  1991-07-12     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372547     Medline TA:  Br J Nutr     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  271-83     Citation Subset:  IM    
Nestec Ltd, Nestlé Research Centre, Lausanne, Switzerland.
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MeSH Terms
Ascorbic Acid / pharmacology
Biological Availability
Diphosphates / administration & dosage,  metabolism
Ferrous Compounds / administration & dosage*,  metabolism
Food Handling
Food, Fortified*
Intestinal Absorption / drug effects,  physiology
Iron / administration & dosage,  metabolism
Iron Radioisotopes / diagnostic use
Grant Support
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Diphosphates; 0/Ferrous Compounds; 0/Iron Radioisotopes; 10058-44-3/ferric pyrophosphate; 141-01-5/ferrous fumarate; 50-81-7/Ascorbic Acid; 7439-89-6/Iron; 7720-78-7/ferrous sulfate

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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