Document Detail


Fermentative production of chemicals that can be used for polymer synthesis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15468205     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The fermentative production of chemicals that can be used as monomers for the synthesis of polymers has become an important topic in biotechnology research because of the limited nature of petroleum and environmental issues. In particular, the fermentative production of metabolites such as dicarboxylic acids, amino acids, and diols, which are suitable as building blocks for subsequent polymerization, has attracted much attention. Various wild-type and metabolically engineered microorganisms have been developed for the efficient production of these chemicals from renewable resources. In addition, the development of fermentation strategies to achieve the highest possible productivities has been another focus of research, considering that these monomers should be produced at costs low enough to compete with petroleum-derived ones. In this paper, the metabolic pathways leading to the synthesis of such important monomers including succinic acid, lactic acid, fumaric acid, propan-1,2-diol, and propan-1,3-diol are reviewed. In addition, the metabolic engineering and fermentation strategies for their production are reviewed.
Authors:
Sang Y Lee; Soon H Hong; Seung H Lee; Si J Park
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Macromolecular bioscience     Volume:  4     ISSN:  1616-5187     ISO Abbreviation:  Macromol Biosci     Publication Date:  2004 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-10-06     Completed Date:  2005-04-21     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101135941     Medline TA:  Macromol Biosci     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  157-64     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Chemical & Biomolecular Engineering and BioProcess Engineering Research Center, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, 373-1 Guseong-dong, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 305-701, Republic of Korea. leesy@kaist.ac.kr
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Biotechnology / methods*
Carboxylic Acids / chemistry,  metabolism*
Dicarboxylic Acids / metabolism
Fermentation
Polymers / chemical synthesis*
Propylene Glycol / metabolism
Propylene Glycols / chemistry,  metabolism*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Carboxylic Acids; 0/Dicarboxylic Acids; 0/Polymers; 0/Propylene Glycols; 57-55-6/Propylene Glycol

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