Document Detail


Femur length, body mass, and stature estimates of Orrorin tugenensis, a 6 Ma hominid from Kenya.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17318735     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
To understand the palaeobiology of extinct hominids it is useful to estimate their body mass and stature. Although many species of early hominid are poorly preserved, it is occasionally possible to calculate these characteristics by comparison with different extant groups, by use of regression analysis. Calculated body masses and stature determined using these models can then be compared. This approach has been applied to 6 Ma hominid femoral remains from the Tugen Hills, Kenya, attributed to Orrorin tugenensis. It is suggested that the best-preserved young adult individual probably weighed approximately 35-50 kg. Another fragmentary femur results in larger estimates of body mass, indicative of individual variation. The length of the femur of the young adult individual was estimated, by using anthropoid-based regression, to be a minimum of 298 mm. Because whole-femur proportions for Orrorin are unknown, this prediction is conservative and should be revised when additional specimens become available. When this predicted value was used for regression analysis of bonobos and humans it was estimated to be 1.1-1.2 m tall. This value should, however, be viewed as a lower limit.
Authors:
Masato Nakatsukasa; Martin Pickford; Naoko Egi; Brigitte Senut
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2007-02-22
Journal Detail:
Title:  Primates; journal of primatology     Volume:  48     ISSN:  0032-8332     ISO Abbreviation:  Primates     Publication Date:  2007 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-06-19     Completed Date:  2007-09-18     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0401152     Medline TA:  Primates     Country:  Japan    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  171-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Laboratory of Physical Anthropology, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, Sakyo, Kyoto, 606-8502, Japan. nakatsuk@anthro.zool.kyoto-u.ac.jp
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Body Size*
Body Weight*
Femur / anatomy & histology*
Hominidae / anatomy & histology*
Kenya
Paleontology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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