Document Detail

Femoral head-neck junction deformity is related to osteoarthritis of the hip.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20352385     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Primary or idiopathic osteoarthritis (OA) of the hip has increasingly been attributed to the presence of presumably minor femoral or acetabular deformities that are not routinely identified. The alpha angle reflects one such deformity of the femoral neck and reflects a risk for femoroacetabular impingement, which in turn reportedly is associated with OA. If impingement is in fact associated with OA, then one might expect the mean alpha angle to be greater in patients with presumed idiopathic hip OA.
QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: We therefore compared the alpha angle among a group of elderly patients with idiopathic OA with that in a control group of elderly individuals without OA.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: We measured the alpha angles in 50 individuals (72 hips) with a mean age of 70 years (range, 60-84 years) with apparently idiopathic OA and compared their angles with those from a control group of 56 individuals without OA. The alpha angle was measured by means of radiographs of their hips using the Dunn view at 45 degrees flexion.
RESULTS: The patients with OA had a greater percentage with abnormal alpha angles than did the normal subjects: 82% versus 30%, respectively. The mean alpha angle in the group with OA was larger than in the control subjects: 66.4 masculine (range, 28 degrees -108 degrees ) versus 48.1 masculine (range, 34 degrees -68 degrees ).
CONCLUSIONS: Hips with presumably idiopathic OA had more abnormalities at the femoral head-neck junction than did the control hips without OA and may relate to the risk of OA developing.
LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level II, prognostic study. See Guidelines for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.
Hilton José Melo Barros; Gilberto Luis Camanho; Antônio Carlos Bernabé; Marcelo Bordalo Rodrigues; Luiz Eugênio Garcez Leme
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-03-30
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical orthopaedics and related research     Volume:  468     ISSN:  1528-1132     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin. Orthop. Relat. Res.     Publication Date:  2010 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-06-09     Completed Date:  2010-06-28     Revised Date:  2011-08-01    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0075674     Medline TA:  Clin Orthop Relat Res     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1920-5     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.
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MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Femur Head / abnormalities*,  physiopathology,  radiography
Femur Neck / abnormalities*,  physiopathology,  radiography
Hip Dislocation / pathology,  radiography
Hip Joint / abnormalities*,  radiography
Middle Aged
Osteoarthritis, Hip / pathology*,  physiopathology,  radiography

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