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Female reproductive function in areas affected by radiation after the Chernobyl power station accident.
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MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8243380     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This paper reports the results of a comprehensive survey of the effects of the accidental release of radiation caused by the accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power station in April 1986. The accident and the resulting release of radiation and radioactive products into the atmosphere produced the most serious environmental contamination so far recorded. We have concentrated on evaluating the outcomes and health risks to women, their reproductive situation, and consequences for their progeny. We have concentrated on two well-defined areas: the Chechersky district of the Gomel region in Belorussia and the Polessky district of the Kiev region in the Ukraine. A number of investigations were carried out on 688 pregnant women and their babies, and data were obtained from 7000 labor histories of the development of newborns for a period of 8 years (3 years before the accident and 5 years after it). Parameters examined included birth rate, thyroid pathology, extragenital pathology such as anemias, renal disorders, hypertension, and abnormalities in the metabolism of fats, complications of gestation, spontaneous abortions, premature deliveries, perinatal morbidity and mortality, stillbirths and early neonatal mortality, infections and inflammatory diseases, neurological symptoms and hemic disturbances in both mothers and infants, trophic anomalies, and biochemical and structural changes in the placenta. Several exogenous, complicating influences were also considered such as psycho-emotional factors, stress, lifestyle changes, and others caused directly by the hazardous situation and by its consequences such as treatment, removal from affected areas, etc.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Authors:
V I Kulakov; T N Sokur; A I Volobuev; I S Tzibulskaya; V A Malisheva; B I Zikin; L C Ezova; L A Belyaeva; P D Bonartzev; N V Speranskaya
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Environmental health perspectives     Volume:  101 Suppl 2     ISSN:  0091-6765     ISO Abbreviation:  Environ. Health Perspect.     Publication Date:  1993 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1993-12-29     Completed Date:  1993-12-29     Revised Date:  2008-11-20    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0330411     Medline TA:  Environ Health Perspect     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  117-23     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
All-Union Scientific-Research Centre for Maternal and Child Health Care, Moscow, Russia.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Accidents*
Adult
Affective Symptoms / epidemiology
Birth Rate / trends*
Byelarus / epidemiology
Female
Health Status Indicators
Humans
Infant Mortality / trends*
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Newborn, Diseases / epidemiology*
Nuclear Reactors*
Placenta / chemistry,  pathology,  radiation effects
Pregnancy
Pregnancy Complications / blood,  epidemiology*
Retrospective Studies
Toxemia / epidemiology
Ukraine / epidemiology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Full Text
Journal Information
Journal ID (nlm-ta): Environ Health Perspect
ISSN: 0091-6765
Article Information
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Print publication date: Month: 07 Year: 1993
Volume: 101 Issue: Suppl 2
First Page: 117 Last Page: 123
ID: 1519931
PubMed Id: 8243380
PubMed Id: 8243380

Female reproductive function in areas affected by radiation after the Chernobyl power station accident
V. I. Kulakov
T. N. Sokur
A. I. Volobuev
I. S. Tzibulskaya
V. A. Malisheva
B. I. Zikin
L. C. Ezova
L. A. Belyaeva
P. D. Bonartzev
N. V. Speranskaya
J. M. Tchesnokova
N. K. Matveeva
E. S. Kaliznuk
L. B. Miturova
N. S. Orlova



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