Document Detail


Feedstock optimization of in-vessel food waste composting systems for inactivation of pathogenic microorganisms.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15771187     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
An optimum composting recipe was investigated to reduce pathogenic microorganisms in a forced-aerated in-vessel system (55 liters). The feedstocks used for in-vessel composting were food waste, cow manure, and bulking materials (wood shavings and mulch hay). A statistical extreme vertices mixture design method was used to design the composting experiments and analyze the collected data. Each mixture (nine total) was replicated randomly three times. Temperature was monitored as an indicator of the efficiency of the composting experiments. The maximum temperature values of the mixtures were used as a response for both extreme vertices mixture design and statistical analyses. Chemical changes (moisture content, carbon/nitrogen ratio, volatile solids, and pH) and reductions of indicator (fecal coliforms and fecal streptococci) and pathogenic microorganisms (Salmonella and Escherichia coli O157:H7) were measured by the most-probable-number method before and after a 12-day composting period. Maximum temperatures for the tested compost mixtures were in the range of 37.0 to 54.7 degrees C. Extreme vertices mixture design analysis of the surface plot suggested an optimum mixture containing 50% food waste, 40% manure, and 10% bulking agents. This optimum mixture achieved maximum temperatures of 54.7 to 56.6 degrees C for about 3.3 days. The total reduction of Salmonella and E. coli O157:H7 were 92.3%, whereas fecal coliforms and fecal streptococci reductions were lower (59.3 and 27.1%, respectively). Future study is neededto evaluate the extreme vertices mixture design method for optimization of large-scale composting.
Authors:
Deniz Cekmecelioglu; Ali Demirci; Robert E Graves
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of food protection     Volume:  68     ISSN:  0362-028X     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Food Prot.     Publication Date:  2005 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-03-17     Completed Date:  2005-04-21     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7703944     Medline TA:  J Food Prot     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  589-96     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Agricultural and Biological Engineering, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Bioreactors*
Cattle
Escherichia coli O157 / growth & development*,  isolation & purification
Fermentation
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Manure / microbiology*
Medical Waste Disposal / methods*
Salmonella / growth & development*,  isolation & purification
Temperature
Time Factors
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Manure; 0/Medical Waste Disposal

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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