Document Detail

Feeding practices and nutrition recommendations for infants with cystic fibrosis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8440827     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is an autosomal recessive disease characterized clinically by recurrent respiratory tract infections and malabsorption caused by pancreatic insufficiency. Typically diagnosed during infancy or childhood, CF impairs weight gain and growth, increases susceptibility to infection, and decreases longevity. Until recently, no guidelines for infant feedings were available. A consensus report prepared through the Cystic Fibrosis Foundation summarizes guidelines for the optimal nutrition management of patients with CF. This study identified current feeding practices and nutrition recommendations of dietitians who treat infants with CF and compared them with the recommendations of the consensus report. A survey was developed and sent to dietitians (n = 130) who work in accredited cystic fibrosis centers. Eighty-six dietitians (66%) responded after two mailings, and 75 usable surveys were analyzed. The survey investigated practitioners' recommendations for infant formulas, energy intake, nutritional supplements, and pancreatic enzyme supplementation. Protein hydrolysate infant formulas were recommended by most respondents (69%). Energy intake greater than 130% of the Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDAs) was recommended for well-nourished infants with CF and greater than 140% of the RDAs for malnourished infants with CF at 1 year of age. Formula additives, including fat and carbohydrate modules, were used by all respondents and were frequently added to infant foods to increase caloric density. Enteric coated pancreatic enzymes were used by the majority (76%) of dietitians. These findings indicate that most dietitians follow the nutrition guidelines established by the Cystic Fibrosis Foundation consensus report for goals for energy and protein intake, use of nutritional supplements, and replacement of pancreatic enzymes in infants with CF.
P C Cannella; E K Bowser; L K Guyer; P R Borum
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American Dietetic Association     Volume:  93     ISSN:  0002-8223     ISO Abbreviation:  J Am Diet Assoc     Publication Date:  1993 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1993-04-01     Completed Date:  1993-04-01     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7503061     Medline TA:  J Am Diet Assoc     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  297-300     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Food Science and Human Nutrition Department/Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida, Gainesville 32611.
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MeSH Terms
Cystic Fibrosis*
Energy Intake
Enzymes / administration & dosage,  therapeutic use
Infant Food*
Infant Nutritional Physiological Phenomena*
Infant, Newborn
Pancreas / enzymology
Sodium / administration & dosage
Grant Support
MCJ-129162//PHS HHS
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Enzymes; 7440-23-5/Sodium
Comment In:
J Am Diet Assoc. 1994 Aug;94(8):830, 833-4   [PMID:  8046171 ]

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