Document Detail


Feeding patterns and dietary intake in a random sample of a Swedish population of insured-dogs.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20570000     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
We used a validated mail and telephone questionnaire to investigate baseline data on feeding patterns and dietary intake in a random sample of 460 Swedish dogs. In 1999, purebred individuals 1-3 years old in the largest insurance database of Sweden completed the study. Most dogs were fed restricted amounts twice a day, and the feeding patterns seldom were changed after the age of 6 months. Typically, the main constituent of the meals was dry food [representing 69% of dry matter (DM)]. Four out of five dogs also got foods that (in descending order of the amount of energy provided) consisted of vegetable oil, meat, sour milk, bread, potatoes, pasta, lard/tallow, sausage, cheese, rice and fish. The heavier the dog (kg), the more dry dog food was consumed (g DM/d). The dry-food intakes (g DM/d) increased linearly with body weight (BW, in kg): intake=-15.3+8.33 BW (P=0.0001; r=0.998), a clear relationship that was not observed for other commercial foods. The non-commercial part of the diet had higher fat (13 and 8 g/megajoule, MJ, respectively; P=0.00001) and lower protein (12 and 16 g/MJ, respectively; P=0.00001) compared to the commercial part of the diet. Six out of ten dogs were given treats, and one-fourth was given vitamin/mineral supplements (most commonly daily). Most dogs consumed diets that were nutritionally balanced. No dogs in the study consumed diets that supplied lower amounts of protein than recommended by the NRC (2006). Only two individuals (<1%) were given total diets that were lower than the nutrient profiles in fat. Few dogs consumed total diets that were lower than recommended by the NRC (2006) in calcium, phosphorus, and vitamins A, D and E (2, 1, 3, 5, and 3% of the individuals, respectively). A few individuals consumed higher levels of vitamins A and D (<1 and 4%, respectively) than recommended. Diets that deviated from recommended levels were those consisting of only table foods with no supplements (too-low in vitamins and minerals) or commercial foods+no table foods supplied with extra vitamin and mineral supplements (too-high in vitamins and minerals).
Authors:
Marie Sallander; Ake Hedhammar; Margareta Rundgren; Jan E Lindberg
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2010-05-31
Journal Detail:
Title:  Preventive veterinary medicine     Volume:  95     ISSN:  1873-1716     ISO Abbreviation:  Prev. Vet. Med.     Publication Date:  2010 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-08-04     Completed Date:  2010-11-01     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8217463     Medline TA:  Prev Vet Med     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  281-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright (c) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Animal Nutrition and Management, Box 7024, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, S-750 07 Uppsala, Sweden. info@sallanderconsulting.com
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animal Feed / analysis*,  standards*
Animals
Diet / statistics & numerical data,  veterinary*
Dietary Fats / administration & dosage,  analysis
Dietary Proteins / administration & dosage,  analysis
Dogs*
Female
Linear Models
Male
Minerals / administration & dosage,  analysis
Nutritional Requirements*
Sweden
Vitamins / administration & dosage,  analysis
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Dietary Fats; 0/Dietary Proteins; 0/Minerals; 0/Vitamins

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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