Document Detail

Feeding methods for the preterm infant.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11988031     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
As more very immature preterm infants survive, provision of enteral feedings has become a major focus of concern. Although many aspects of gastrointestinal function are immature in the preterm infant, the ability of the preterm neonate to process and absorb enteral nutrients appears to be adequate enough to sustain nutritional needs. Few prospective randomized trials have compared the efficacy of different feeding methods. However, some studies have compared differing routes of feeding, rates of feeding, and volume of feeding. The ability to successfully digest enteral feedings may be inhibited or enhanced by pharmacological agents. The need to modify a feeding strategy can be monitored by tracking several measurements prospectively. Finally, there is a need to assess ongoing dietary needs of preterm infants for discharge planning.
C L Berseth
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Seminars in neonatology : SN     Volume:  6     ISSN:  1084-2756     ISO Abbreviation:  Semin Neonatol     Publication Date:  2001 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-05-03     Completed Date:  2002-08-16     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9606001     Medline TA:  Semin Neonatol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  417-24     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd.
Department of Pediatrics, Newborn Section, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Digestion / physiology
Digestive System Physiological Phenomena
Drug Interactions
Enteral Nutrition*
Infant Food
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Premature*
Intestinal Absorption
Milk, Human
Patient Discharge
Sucking Behavior

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