Document Detail


Feeding behavior analysis of the soybean aphid (Hemiptera: Aphididae) on resistant soybean 'Dowling'.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20568609     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Soybean aphid, Aphis glycines Matsumura (Hemiptera: Aphididae), is an exotic pest of soybean, Glycine max (L.) Merr., in North America. Plant resistance to the soybean aphid was recently discovered in 'Dowling' soybean in 2005. Dowling exhibits strong antibiotic effects on the soybean aphid by limiting colonization and effectively controlling aphid population development during all soybean growth stages. In addition, aphids feeding on Dowling experienced significantly reduced survival, longevity, and fecundity and increased developmental times. An assessment of soybean aphid feeding behavior was compared on Dowling and the susceptible check 'Glenwood' by using the electrical penetration graph technique. The effects of plant resistance on aphid feeding behavior were analyzed by comparing the amount of time soybean aphid spent feeding on various plant tissues on resistant and susceptible plants. There was no significant difference in the initial time for the aphid to begin probing on resistant and susceptible plants indicating no adverse effect of plant exterior on the soybean aphid attempting to feed. However the time from the beginning of plant penetration by the stylets to the first phloem sieve element phase was significantly different. In aphids that successfully reached phloem on Dowling, the time taken to reach this phase was triple the time of aphids reaching the phloem sieve element on the susceptible line. In addition, the total number of probing events and the duration of nonprobing were not significantly different between Dowling and Glenwood. When comparing feeding between lines, a greater proportion of aphids showed ingestion of xylem when feeding on Dowling, whereas successful feeding on phloem on Dowling was significantly shorter than when feeding on the susceptible line. Therefore, the antibiotic effect of Dowling resistance seems to reside at the level of the phloem sieve element, prohibiting the aphid from successfully exploiting phloem, and as a consequence the aphid abandons the Dowling plant or dies of inadequate nutritional intake.
Authors:
D S Crompton; P J Ode
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of economic entomology     Volume:  103     ISSN:  0022-0493     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Econ. Entomol.     Publication Date:  2010 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-06-23     Completed Date:  2010-07-30     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2985127R     Medline TA:  J Econ Entomol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  648-53     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Entomology, 202 Hultz Hall, North Dakota State University, 1300 Albrecht Boulevard, Fargo, ND 58105, USA. derek.crompton@pioneer.com
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Aphids*
Feeding Behavior*
Genes, Plant
Phloem
Soybeans* / genetics
Xylem

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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