Document Detail

Feeding Time Synchronizes Clock Gene Rhythmic Expression in Brain and Liver of Goldfish (Carassius auratus).
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21252363     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Little is known about the feeding time dependence of clock gene expression in fish. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether a scheduled feeding time can entrain the rhythmic expression of several clock genes (period and cryptocrome) in the brain and liver of a teleost, the goldfish. Fish maintained under continuous light (LL) conditions were divided into 3 groups. Two groups were fed daily at 1000 h and 2200 h, respectively, and the third group was subjected to a random schedule regime. After 30 days, the fishes under 24-h food deprivation were sacrificed through a 24-h cycle, and clock gene expression in the optic tectum, hypothalamus, and liver was quantified by real-time PCR. The findings pointed to differences between the central and peripheral tissues studied. In the absence of a light-dark cycle (constant light), a scheduled feeding regime was necessary and sufficient to maintain both the rhythmic expression of several clock genes in the optic tectum and hypothalamus, as well as daily rhythms in locomotor activity. In contrast, neither locomotor activity nor clock gene expression in brain tissues was synchronized in randomly fed fish. However, in the liver, most of the clock genes studied presented significant daily rhythms in phase (related to the time of the last meal) in all 3 experimental groups, suggesting that the daily rhythm of clock genes in this organ only depends on the last meal time. The data suggest that, as in mammals, the smooth running of the food entrainable oscillator (FEO) in fish involves the rhythmic expression of several clock genes (Per1 and Cry3) in the central and peripheral structures. The results also indicate that the food anticipatory activity (FAA) in goldfish is not only the result of rhythmic clock gene expression in the liver because rhythmic clock gene expression was observed in randomly fed fishes, while FAA was not observed.
Andrea Feliciano; Yurena Vivas; Nuria de Pedro; María J Delgado; Elena Velarde; Esther Isorna
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of biological rhythms     Volume:  26     ISSN:  1552-4531     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Biol. Rhythms     Publication Date:  2011 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-01-21     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8700115     Medline TA:  J Biol Rhythms     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  24-33     Citation Subset:  IM    
Departamento de Fisiología (Fisiología Animal ), Facultad de Biología, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Madrid, Spain.
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