Document Detail

Feed efficiency of rainbow trout can be improved through selection: different genetic potential on alternative diets.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16543557     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
To assess the genetic potential for selection of increased feed efficiency in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss), we estimated the heritabilities and correlations for BW, daily weight gain (DG), and daily feed intake (DFI). Body weight was recorded 5 times, and DG and DFI 3 times during a feeding trial lasting 22 mo. To test the hypothesis that phenotypic and genetic parameters were influenced by a nutritional environment, fish were fed either a modern normal protein diet (NP, 40 to 45% protein and 30 to 33% lipid) or an alternative high protein diet (HP, 50 to 56% protein, 20 to 24% lipid) in a split-family design. Results showed that there were no large differences in heritabilities between the diets. Average heritability for DFI over both diets and different fish ages was low (average h2 = 0.10), indicating that modest genetic changes in response to selection can be obtained. Average heritabilities for BW and DG over both diets and different fish ages were 0.28 and 0.33, respectively. The NP diet enabled fish to express a wide range of BW, as shown by the increased coefficients of phenotypic variation for BW. Fish fed the HP diet showed increased phenotypic variation for DFI in > 750-g fish. On the NP diet, genetic correlations of DFI with DG and BW were very strong for 750- to 2,000-g fish. In contrast, on the HP diet, the respective correlations were moderate to low, revealing more genetic potential to change growth and feed intake simultaneously in opposite directions. An analysis of the predicted selection responses showed that selection solely for high DG improved feed efficiency as a correlated genetic response. Simultaneous selection for high DG and reduced DFI, in turn, may increase genetic gain in feed efficiency by a factor of 1.2 compared with selection solely for DG. However, variation for growth and feed intake and the relationships between these traits were different in different nutritional environments, leading to divergent genetic responses on the alternative diets.
A Kause; D Tobin; D F Houlihan; S A M Martin; E A Mäntysaari; O Ritola; K Ruohonen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of animal science     Volume:  84     ISSN:  1525-3163     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Anim. Sci.     Publication Date:  2006 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-03-17     Completed Date:  2006-10-19     Revised Date:  2009-11-19    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8003002     Medline TA:  J Anim Sci     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  807-17     Citation Subset:  IM    
MTT Agrifood Research Finland, Animal Production Research, Animal Breeding, FIN-31600 Jokioinen, Finland.
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MeSH Terms
Animal Feed / analysis
Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
Diet / veterinary*
Oncorhynchus mykiss / genetics*,  growth & development,  metabolism*
Selection, Genetic*
Weight Gain / genetics*

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