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Fecal expression of human β-defensin-2 following birth.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20980773     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Newborns display high intestinal permeability and a naive adaptive immune system, but infections are rare, indicating strong innate defense mechanisms.
OBJECTIVE: To measure the kinetics of fecal β-defensin-2 (HBD2), an inducible endogenous antimicrobial peptide produced by intestinal epithelial cells, in full-term and preterm infants.
METHODS: As a first step of this bicentric study, we enrolled 30 healthy full-term infants and 20 healthy preterm infants, with fecal samples collected at days 3, 7, 12 and 30 in full-term infants and at days 15, 30 and 60 in preterm infants. As a second step, we enrolled 10 preterm infants with intestinal distress, either necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) Bell's stage III (n = 3) or isolated rectal bleeding (n = 7) and 20 controls, cross-matched for gestational age and age at sampling.
RESULTS: HBD2 decreased significantly from day 3 to day 7 (227 ng/g; 14-440 vs. 117 ng/g; 30-470, p = 0.01) then moderately until day 30 (84 ng/g; 10-500) in healthy full-term infants. Healthy preterm infants showed similar high levels between days 15 and 60 (82 ng/g; 30-154 and 85 ng/g; 26-390, respectively). No significant variation of fecal HBD2 levels was observed between infants with clinical features of intestinal distress (77 ng/g, 2-1,271) and cross-matched controls (56 ng/g, 31-164). However, 2/3 infants with NEC and 1/7 infants with isolated rectal bleeding had HBD2 levels above the maximal level observed in controls.
CONCLUSIONS: The kinetics of fecal HBD2 in the neonatal period indicate that this inducible defensin can be detected at high level in the feces of full-term and preterm infants, independently of gestational age or mode of feeding. The potential role of fecal HBD2 in detecting NEC is suggested.
Authors:
F Campeotto; M Baldassarre; N Laforgia; V Viallon; N Kalach; L Amati; M J Butel; C Dupont; N Kapel
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-10-27
Journal Detail:
Title:  Neonatology     Volume:  98     ISSN:  1661-7819     ISO Abbreviation:  Neonatology     Publication Date:  2010  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-11-22     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101286577     Medline TA:  Neonatology     Country:  Switzerland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  365-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2010 S. Karger AG, Basel.
Affiliation:
Néonatologie et Gastro-Entérologie Pédiatrique, APHP, Hôpital Saint Vincent de Paul, Université Paris Descartes, Paris, France. florence.campeotto @ svp.aphp.fr
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