Document Detail


Febrile episodes in children with cancer in the United Arab Emirates.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8721027     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The febrile episodes encountered in our pediatric oncology unit over a 2-year period were reviewed. A total of 138 febrile episodes were recorded in 59 patients (29 with leukemia and 30 with a solid tumor). There was no difference in the number of episodes between leukemia and solid tumor patients, nor between neutropenic and non-neutropenic patients. The degree of neutropenia was more severe in leukemia patients. A total of 18.8% of the episodes were accompanied by positive blood cultures. Gram-positive bacteria were more frequent than gram-negative bacteria, and there were four anaerobic isolates. Seventeen episodes were accompanied by clinical signs of central venous line (CVL) infection. A total of 70.2% of the episodes resolved with a first-line antibiotic combination of flucloxacillin, piperacillin, and netilmicin, 27.5% required modification of the antibiotic combination, and three patients (5%) died due to gram-negative septicemia. These findings indicate that the pattern of infectious complications in the United Arab Emirates is now similar to that observed in Europe and the United States.
Authors:
S Mahmood; T Révész; C Mpofu
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pediatric hematology and oncology     Volume:  13     ISSN:  0888-0018     ISO Abbreviation:  Pediatr Hematol Oncol     Publication Date:    1996 Mar-Apr
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1996-09-26     Completed Date:  1996-09-26     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8700164     Medline TA:  Pediatr Hematol Oncol     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  135-42     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Paediatrics, UAE University, Al Ain, United Arab Emirates.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Bacteremia / diagnosis
Bacterial Infections / complications*
Child
Child, Preschool
Female
Fever / etiology*
Humans
Infant
Male
Mycoses / complications*
Neoplasms / complications*
Retrospective Studies
Treatment Outcome
United Arab Emirates

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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