Document Detail


Feasibility of landfill gas as a liquefied natural gas fuel source for refuse trucks.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18512437     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The purpose of this paper is to develop a methodology to evaluate the feasibility of using landfill gas (LFG) as a liquefied natural gas (LNG) fuel source for heavy-duty refuse trucks operating on landfills. Using LFG as a vehicle fuel can make the landfills more self-sustaining, reduce their dependence on fossil fuels, and reduce emissions and greenhouse gases. Acrion Technologies Inc. in association with Mack Trucks Inc. developed a technology to generate LNG from LFG using the CO2 WASH process. A successful application of this process was performed at the Eco Complex in Burlington County, PA. During this application two LNG refuse trucks were operated for 600 hr each using LNG produced from gases from the landfill. The methodology developed in this paper can evaluate the feasibility of three LFG options: doing nothing, electricity generation, and producing LNG to fuel refuse trucks. The methodology involved the modeling of several components: LFG generation, energy recovery processes, fleet operations, economic feasibility, and decision-making. The economic feasibility considers factors such as capital, maintenance, operational, and fuel costs, emissions and tax benefits, and the sale of products such as surplus LNG and food-grade carbon dioxide (CO2). Texas was used as a case study. The 96 landfills in Texas were prioritized and 17 landfills were identified that showed potential for converting LFG to LNG for use as a refuse truck fuel. The methodology was applied to a pilot landfill in El Paso, TX. The analysis showed that converting LFG to LNG to fuel refuse trucks proved to be the most feasible option and that the methodology can be applied for any landfill that considers this option.
Authors:
Josias Zietsman; Muhammad Ehsanul Bari; Aaron J Rand; Bhushan Gokhale; Dominique Lord; Sunil Kumar
Related Documents :
14607487 - Wet oxidation pretreatment for the increase in anaerobic biodegradability of newspaper ...
11848357 - Effectiveness and mechanism of potassium ferrate(vi) preoxidation for algae removal by ...
16232517 - Treatment of liquid fraction separated from liquidized food waste in an upflow anaerobi...
23748767 - Lower photostability of capsanthin dispersed in an aqueous solution.
17374687 - Zinc deficiency: a special challenge.
1959027 - Brain neuropeptide y: an integrator of endocrine, metabolic and behavioral processes.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association (1995)     Volume:  58     ISSN:  1096-2247     ISO Abbreviation:  J Air Waste Manag Assoc     Publication Date:  2008 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-06-02     Completed Date:  2008-07-18     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9503111     Medline TA:  J Air Waste Manag Assoc     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  613-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Center for Air Quality Studies, Texas Transportation Institute, the Texas A&M University System, College Station, TX 77843, USA. zietsman@tamu.edu
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Electricity
Feasibility Studies
Fossil Fuels / analysis*,  economics
Gases / analysis*
Refuse Disposal* / economics
Texas
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Fossil Fuels; 0/Gases

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Methane oxidation in compost-based landfill cover with vegetation during wet and dry conditions in t...
Next Document:  Methane balance of a bioreactor landfill in Latin America.