Document Detail

Feasibility and accuracy of a comprehensive multidetector computed tomography acquisition for patients referred for balloon-expandable transcatheter aortic valve implantation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21641357     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the accuracy of a comprehensive multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) evaluation of the aortic annulus (AoA), coronary artery disease (CAD), and peripheral vessels in patients referred for transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI).
METHODS: In 60 patients referred for TAVI, the following parameters were assessed with 64-slices MDCT and compared with transesophageal echocardiography (TEE), invasive coronary angiography (ICA), and peripheral angiography: AoA maximum diameter (Max-AoA-D(MDCT)), minimum diameter (Min-AoA-D(MDCT)), and area; lumen morphology index ([Max-AoA-D(MDCT)/Min-AoA-D(MDCT)]); length of the left, right, and non-coronary aortic leaflets; degree (grades 1-4) of aortic leaflet calcifications; distance between AoA and left main coronary ostium and between AoA and right coronary ostium CAD and peripheral vessel disease.
RESULTS: The Max-AoA-D(MDCT) and Min-AoA-D(MDCT) were 25.1 ± 2.8 and 21.2 ± 2.2 mm, respectively, with high correlation versus AoA diameter measured with TEE (r = 0.82 and 0.86, respectively). The area of AoA, systolic and diastolic lumen morphology index were 410 ± 81.5 mm(2), 1.19 ± 0.1 and 1.22 ± 0.11, respectively. Aortic leaflet calcification score was 3.3 ± 0.5. The lengths of left, right, and non-coronary aortic leaflets were 14.2 ± 2.4, 13.7.1 ± 2.1, and 14.5 ± 2.6 mm, whereas distances between AoA and the left main coronary ostium and between AoA, and the right coronary ostium were 13.7 ± 2.9 and 15.8 ± 3.5 mm, respectively. Feasibility, negative predictive value, and accuracy for CAD detection versus ICA were 87%, 100% (CI 100-100), and 96% (95% CI 94-100), respectively. All patients (N = 17) who were ineligible for TAVI were correctly detected by MDCT.
CONCLUSIONS: A comprehensive MDCT evaluation of patients referred for TAVI is feasible, provides more accurate assessment than TEE of AoA morphology, and may replace peripheral angiography in all patients and ICA in patients without significant CAD.
Gianluca Pontone; Daniele Andreini; Antonio L Bartorelli; Andrea Annoni; Saima Mushtaq; Erika Bertella; Alberto Formenti; Sarah Cortinovis; Francesco Alamanni; Melissa Fusari; Veronica Bona; Gloria Tamborini; Manuela Muratori; Giovanni Ballerini; Cesare Fiorentini; Paolo Biglioli; Mauro Pepi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American heart journal     Volume:  161     ISSN:  1097-6744     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. Heart J.     Publication Date:  2011 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-06-06     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370465     Medline TA:  Am Heart J     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1106-13     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.
Centro Cardiologico Monzino, Istituto di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico, Milan, Italy.
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