Document Detail


Fear and disgust propensity in spider phobic distress.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18313894     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Three studies examined associations between spider phobic distress and two individual difference characteristics, disgust propensity (sensitivity to disgust elicitation) and fear propensity (sensitivity to fear elicitation). Although the relative contributions of trait anxiety and disgust propensity have been examined, researchers have yet to compare the parallel constructs of disgust and fear propensity. Two studies examined associations cross-sectionally, and a third longitudinal study examined associations of fear and disgust propensity with changes in distress and avoidance over time. In the first cross-sectional study, animal and non-animal fear propensity were independently associated with spider distress and disgust propensity was not. In the other two studies, animal fear propensity and animal disgust propensity were independently related to spider distress and non-animal scores were not. Fear propensity, but not disgust propensity, was predictive of decreased avoidance over time. The results suggest that disgust and fear propensity independently contribute to spider distress vulnerability.
Authors:
Laura L Vernon; Howard Berenbaum
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article     Date:  2008-01-19
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of anxiety disorders     Volume:  22     ISSN:  0887-6185     ISO Abbreviation:  J Anxiety Disord     Publication Date:  2008 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-10-20     Completed Date:  2009-01-12     Revised Date:  2009-08-12    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8710131     Medline TA:  J Anxiety Disord     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1285-96     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Wilkes Honors College, Florida Atlantic University, 5353 Parkside Drive, Jupiter, FL 33458, USA. lvernon@fau.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Affect
Animals
Cross-Sectional Studies
Emotions*
Fear / psychology*
Female
Humans
Individuality
Male
Models, Psychological
Personality Inventory
Phobic Disorders / diagnosis,  epidemiology,  psychology*
Questionnaires
Spiders*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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