Document Detail

Fe charge state adjustment in ZnO upon ion implantation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23139235     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
The influence of the ion implantation process on the charge state of dilute (57)Fe impurities implanted as radioactive (57)Mn in ZnO is investigated by (57)Fe emission Mössbauer spectroscopy. One sample is additionally implanted with stable (23)Na impurities. Both Fe(2+) and Fe(3+) charge states are observed, and the Fe(3+)/Fe(2+) ratio is found to increase with the fluence of both (57)Mn/(57)Fe and (23)Na ions, demonstrating that the build-up of Fe(3+) is not related to the chemical nature of the implanted ions. The results are interpreted in terms of radiation damage induced changes of the Fermi level, and illustrate that the Fe(3+)/Fe(2+) ratio can be adjusted by ion implantation. The spin-lattice relaxation time for Fe(3+) in ZnO is found to be independent of the implantation fluence, and is evidently an intrinsic property of the system.
R Mantovan; H P Gunnlaugsson; D Naidoo; S Olafsson; K Johnston; H Masenda; T E Mølholt; K Bharuth-Ram; M Fanciulli; H P Gislason; G Langouche; R Sielemann; G Weyer; The Isolde Collaboration
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-11-09
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of physics. Condensed matter : an Institute of Physics journal     Volume:  24     ISSN:  1361-648X     ISO Abbreviation:  J Phys Condens Matter     Publication Date:  2012 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-9     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101165248     Medline TA:  J Phys Condens Matter     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  485801     Citation Subset:  -    
Laboratorio MDM, IMM-CNR, Via Olivetti 2, I-20864 Agrate Brianza (MB), Italy.
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