Document Detail

Fatty acids profiles of some Spanish wild vegetables.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22701061     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Polyunsaturated fatty acids play an important role in human nutrition, being associated with several health benefits. The analyzed vegetables, in spite of its low fat content, lower than 2%, present a high proportion of polyunsaturated fatty acids of n-3, n-6 and n-9 series, such as α-linolenic, linoleic and oleic acids, respectively. Wild edible plants contain in general a good balance of n-6 and n-3 fatty acids. The present study tries to contribute to the preservation and valorization of traditional food resources, studying the fatty acids profile of 20 wild vegetables by gas-liquid chromatography with flame ionization detection. Results show that species in which leaves are predominant in their edible parts have in general the highest polyunsaturated fatty acid/saturated fatty acid ratios: Rumex pulcher (5.44), Cichorium intybus (5.14) and Papaver rhoeas (5.00). Due to the low n-6/n-3 ratios of the majority of the samples, they can be considered interesting sources of n-3 fatty acids, especially those with higher total fat amount, such as Bryonia dioica, Chondrilla juncea or Montia fontana, with the highest contents of α-linolenic acid (67.78, 56.27 and 47.65%, respectively). The wild asparaguses of Asparagus acutifolius and Tamus communis stand out for their linoleic acid content (42.29 and 42.45%, respectively). All these features reinforce the interest of including wild plants in diet, as an alternative to the variety of vegetables normally used.
P Morales; Icfr Ferreira; Am Carvalho; Mc Sánchez-Mata; M Cámara; J Tardío
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Food science and technology international = Ciencia y tecnología de los alimentos internacional     Volume:  18     ISSN:  1082-0132     ISO Abbreviation:  Food Sci Technol Int     Publication Date:  2012 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-06-15     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9889534     Medline TA:  Food Sci Technol Int     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  281-90     Citation Subset:  IM    
1Centro de Investigação de Montanha, ESA, Instituto Politécnico de Bragança, Campus de Santa Apolónia, Apartado, Bragança, Portugal.
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