Document Detail


Fatty acid transfer from sow to piglet differs for different polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA).
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20945951     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) are essential for the development of the nervous system in animals. It is known that pigs are good models for human in many aspects. The aim of the study was to investigate how fat content and FA composition in sows' diet influence FA composition in brain of newborn and in liver and brain of one-day-old piglets, respectively. High fat (6 %) feeds were designed with regard to saturated or polyunsaturated fat content and n-6/n-3 ratio by adding either oats rich in linoleic acid (LA) or linseed oil rich in alpha-linolenic acid (ALA). The ratio n-6/n-3 PUFA was 11 in all three diets (the low fat (3 %), high fat saturated and high fat oats diet), while the ratio in the linseed oil diet was 2. Increased proportion of ALA in the diet increased ALA and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) in piglets' neutral and polar liver lipids and the long chain PUFA, EPA, docosapentaenoic and docosahexaenoic acid in piglet brain. The results suggest that transport of n-3 PUFA from sow to piglet was higher via milk than via bloodstream in the uterus and that increased content of ALA in sows' feed led to an increased accumulation of n-3 FA in piglets' liver and brain.
Authors:
S Sampels; J Pickova; A Högberg; M Neil
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2010-10-15
Journal Detail:
Title:  Physiological research / Academia Scientiarum Bohemoslovaca     Volume:  60     ISSN:  1802-9973     ISO Abbreviation:  Physiol Res     Publication Date:  2011  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-04-07     Completed Date:  2011-08-09     Revised Date:  2011-10-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9112413     Medline TA:  Physiol Res     Country:  Czech Republic    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  113-24     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Food Science, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden. Sabine.Sampels@lmv.slu.se
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Animals, Newborn
Chromatography, Gas
Dietary Fats / metabolism
Eicosapentaenoic Acid / metabolism
Fatty Acids, Unsaturated / metabolism*
Female
Swine
alpha-Linolenic Acid / metabolism
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Dietary Fats; 0/Fatty Acids, Unsaturated; 1553-41-9/Eicosapentaenoic Acid; 463-40-1/alpha-Linolenic Acid

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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