Document Detail


Fatty acid metabolism and deposition in subcutaneous adipose tissue of pasture- and feedlot-finished cattle.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19617512     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
An experiment was conducted to evaluate the effects of pasture finishing versus feedlot finishing, over time, on fatty acid metabolism in Angus crossbred steers (n = 24). Ruminal fluid, serum, and adipose tissue biopsies were obtained on d 0, 28, 84, and 140. Pasture forages and diet ingredient samples were obtained at 14-d intervals to determine nutritive value and fatty acid composition. The feedlot diet consisted of corn silage, cracked corn grain, soybean meal, and a vitamin and mineral supplement. The pasture-finished steers grazed sequentially on triticale (x Triticosecale rimpaui)/annual ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum), alfalfa (Medicago sativa)/orchardgrass (Dactylis glomerata), and a cool-season grass/legume mixture. The feedlot diet contained an average of 57% of total fatty acids as linoleic acid and 2% as linolenic acid. The pasture forages contained 9% of total fatty acids as linoleic acid and 66% as linolenic acid. Concentrations (% of total fatty acids) of linolenic acid were greater (P < 0.05) in ruminal fluid, serum, and adipose tissue of the pasture-finished steers, compared with the feedlot-finished steers. Concentrations (% of total fatty acids) of cis-9, trans-11 CLA were greater (P < 0.05) in adipose tissue of the pasture-finished steers than feedlot-finished steers. Concentrations of cis-9, trans-11 CLA in adipose tissue declined (P < 0.05) in the feedlot-finished steers from d 0 to 28 to 84. In the pasture-finished steers, concentrations of cis-9, trans-11 CLA in adipose tissue (mg/g of tissue) peaked (P < 0.05) on d 28 and remained elevated (ranged from 9.91 to 12.80 mg/g of tissue) throughout the duration of the study. In the pasture-finished steers, linolenic acid concentrations tended to peak (P = 0.07) on d 28 and remained elevated (ranged from 0.64 to 0.80% of total fatty acids) throughout the study. It appears that only a short time is needed to alter the n-3 and CLA composition of adipose tissue in cattle finished on pasture.
Authors:
J R Fincham; J P Fontenot; W S Swecker; J H Herbein; J P S Neel; G Scaglia; W M Clapham; D R Notter
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.     Date:  2009-07-17
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of animal science     Volume:  87     ISSN:  1525-3163     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Anim. Sci.     Publication Date:  2009 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-09-18     Completed Date:  2009-12-16     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8003002     Medline TA:  J Anim Sci     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  3259-77     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Animal and Poultry Sciences, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA 24061, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animal Feed
Animals
Biopsy / veterinary
Cattle / metabolism*
Linoleic Acid / blood,  metabolism*
Linoleic Acids, Conjugated / blood,  metabolism*
Male
Nutritive Value
Random Allocation
Rumen / metabolism
Subcutaneous Fat / metabolism*
alpha-Linolenic Acid / blood,  metabolism*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Linoleic Acids, Conjugated; 2197-37-7/Linoleic Acid; 463-40-1/alpha-Linolenic Acid

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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