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Fatty acid-mediated endoplasmic reticulum stress in vivo: Differential response to the infusion of Soybean and Lard Oil in rats.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23312405     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: In cell systems, saturated fatty acids, compared to unsaturated fatty acids, induce a greater degree of ER stress and inflammatory signaling in a number of cell types, including hepatocytes and adipocytes. The aim of the present study was to determine the effects of infusions of lard oil (enriched in saturated fatty acids) and soybean oil (enriched in unsaturated fatty acids) on liver and adipose tissue ER stress and inflammatory signaling in vivo. METHODS: Lipid emulsions containing glycerol, phosphatidylcholine, antibiotics (Control, n=7) and either soybean oil (Soybean, n=7) or lard oil (Lard, n=7) were infused intravenously into rats over a 4 h period. RESULTS: Plasma free fatty acid levels were 0.5±0.1mmol/L (mean±SD) in Control and were increased to 1.0±0.3mmol/L and 1.1±0.3mmol/L in Soybean and Lard, respectively. Glucose and insulin levels were not different among groups. Markers of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and activation of inflammatory pathway signaling were increased in liver and adipose tissue from Soybean and Lard compared to Control, but were increased to a greater extent in Lard compared to Soybean. CONCLUSIONS: These data suggest that elevated plasma free fatty acids can induce hepatic and adipose tissue ER stress and inflammation in vivo. In addition, saturated fatty acids appear to be more cytotoxic than unsaturated fatty acids in vivo.
Authors:
Angela M Nivala; Lauren Reese; Melinda Frye; Christopher L Gentile; Michael J Pagliassotti
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-9
Journal Detail:
Title:  Metabolism: clinical and experimental     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1532-8600     ISO Abbreviation:  Metab. Clin. Exp.     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-14     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0375267     Medline TA:  Metabolism     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, Colorado State University, 234 Gifford, Fort Collins, CO 80523-1571.
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