Document Detail


Fatty acid composition, including conjugated linoleic acid, of intramuscular fat from steers offered grazed grass, grass silage, or concentrate-based diets.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11063308     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The effects of grazed grass, grass silage, or concentrates on fatty acid composition and conjugated linoleic acid (cis-9, trans-11-18:2; CLA) concentrations of i.m. fat of steers fed to achieve similar carcass growth rates were investigated. Fifty steers were divided into 10 blocks based on body weight and assigned at random from within blocks to one of five dietary treatments. The experimental rations offered daily for 85 d preceding slaughter were 1) grass silage for ad libitum intake plus 4 kg of concentrate, 2) 8 kg of concentrate plus 1 kg of hay, 3) 6 kg of grazed grass DM plus 5 kg of concentrate, 4) 12 kg of grazed grass DM plus 2.5 kg concentrate, or 5) 22 kg of grazed grass DM. The concentration of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) in i.m. fat was higher (P < .05) for steers offered ration 5 than for those given any other ration. Decreasing the proportion of concentrate in the diet, which effectively increased grass intake, caused a linear decrease in the concentration of i.m. saturated fatty acids (SFA) (P < .01) and in the n-6:n-3 PUFA ratio (P < .001) and a linear increase in the PUFA:SFA ratio (P < .01) and the conjugated linoleic acid concentration (P < .001). The data indicate that i.m. fatty acid composition of beef can be improved from a human health perspective by inclusion of grass in the diet.
Authors:
P French; C Stanton; F Lawless; E G O'Riordan; F J Monahan; P J Caffrey; A P Moloney
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of animal science     Volume:  78     ISSN:  0021-8812     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Anim. Sci.     Publication Date:  2000 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-01-02     Completed Date:  2001-01-02     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8003002     Medline TA:  J Anim Sci     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2849-55     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Teagasc, Grange Research Centre, Dunsany, Co. Meath, Ireland.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adipose Tissue / anatomy & histology*
Animal Feed*
Animals
Body Composition
Cattle / anatomy & histology*,  metabolism
Fatty Acids / analysis*
Linoleic Acid / analysis*
Male
Muscles / anatomy & histology*
Poaceae*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Fatty Acids; 2197-37-7/Linoleic Acid

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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