Document Detail


Fatty acid chain elongation synthesis in eel (Anguilla anguilla) liver mitochondria.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11163299     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The properties of fatty acid chain elongation synthesis have been investigated in liver mitochondria of the European eel (Anguilla anguilla). The incorporation of [1-(14)C]acetyl-CoA into fatty acids shows a specific activity of 0.43+/-0.05 nmol/min x mg protein (n=6), which is more than twice higher than that previously reported in rat liver mitochondria. Label incorporation into fatty acids was, in mitochondria disrupted by freezing and thawing, much higher than in intact organelles thus suggesting a probable localization of this pathway inside mitochondria. Only a negligible acetyl-CoA incorporation into fatty acids occurs in the absence of ATP, Mg2+ or reduced pyridine nucleotides; NADH alone seems to be as effective as NADH + NADPH as a hydrogen donor for the reducing steps. CoASH, without effect up to 10 microM, showed a strong inhibition at higher concentrations. From the ratio of total radioactivity and radioactivity in carboxyl carbon it can be inferred that in eel-liver mitochondria only chain elongation of preexisting fatty acids occurs. A significant fatty acid chain elongation activity is also present when, instead of acetyl-CoA, [2-(14)C]malonyl-CoA is used as a carbon unit donor. Moreover, the synthesized fatty acids were actively incorporated into phopholipids, mainly phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylethanolamine and sphyngomyelin.
Authors:
A M Giudetti; L Siculella; A M Caputi Jambrenghi; M Ragni; G Vonghia; G V Gnoni
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Comparative biochemistry and physiology. Part B, Biochemistry & molecular biology     Volume:  128     ISSN:  1096-4959     ISO Abbreviation:  Comp. Biochem. Physiol. B, Biochem. Mol. Biol.     Publication Date:  2001 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-02-22     Completed Date:  2001-06-07     Revised Date:  2003-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9516061     Medline TA:  Comp Biochem Physiol B Biochem Mol Biol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  11-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Laboratorio di Biochimica, Dipartimento di Biologia, Università di Lecce, Strada Provinciale Monteroni, I-73100, Lecce, Italy
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adenosine Triphosphate / pharmacology
Animals
Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
Eels
Fatty Acids / metabolism*
Magnesium / pharmacology
Mitochondria, Liver / metabolism*
NAD / pharmacology
NADP / pharmacology
Phosphatidylcholines / metabolism
Phosphatidylethanolamines / metabolism
Pyridines / metabolism
Sphingomyelins / metabolism
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Fatty Acids; 0/Phosphatidylcholines; 0/Phosphatidylethanolamines; 0/Pyridines; 0/Sphingomyelins; 53-59-8/NADP; 53-84-9/NAD; 56-65-5/Adenosine Triphosphate; 7439-95-4/Magnesium

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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