Document Detail

Fate of Fusarium mycotoxins in the cereal product supply chain: the deoxynivalenol (DON) case within industrial bread-making technology.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20455161     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Fusarium mycotoxins are a relevant problem in the cereal supply chain at a worldwide level, with wheat, maize and barley being the main contaminated crops. Mould growth can happen in the pre-harvest phase and also during transport and storage due to ineffective drying conditions. Among Fusarium toxins, deoxynivalenol (DON) is considered the most important contaminant in wheat due to its widespread occurrence. In the last years the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) and the European Commission have frequently expressed opinions on Fusarium toxins, setting limits, regulations and guidelines in order to reduce their levels in raw materials and food commodities. In particular, European legislation (Reg. 1881/2006) sets the maximum limit for DON in flour and bread as 750 and 500 microg kg(-1) respectively. Relatively few studies have taken into account the loss of trichothecenes during processing, focusing on how processing factors may influence their degradation. In particular, the description of DON behaviour during bread-making is very difficult, since complex physico-chemical modifications occur during the transformation of the raw ingredients into the final product. In the present study, we studied how DON concentration may be influenced by modifying bread-making parameters, with a special emphasis on the fermentation and baking stages, starting from a naturally contaminated flour at both pilot and industrial scales. Exploiting the power of a Design of Experiments (DoE) approach to consider the great complexity of the studied system, the obtained model shows satisfying goodness-of-fit and prediction, suggesting that the baking step (time/temperature ranges) is crucial for minimizing native DON level in bread.
E Bergamini; D Catellani; C Dall'asta; G Galaverna; A Dossena; R Marchelli; M Suman
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Evaluation Studies; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Food additives & contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, analysis, control, exposure & risk assessment     Volume:  27     ISSN:  1944-0057     ISO Abbreviation:  Food Addit Contam Part A Chem Anal Control Expo Risk Assess     Publication Date:  2010 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-05-10     Completed Date:  2010-09-15     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101485040     Medline TA:  Food Addit Contam Part A Chem Anal Control Expo Risk Assess     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  677-87     Citation Subset:  IM    
Barilla Food Research Labs, Parma, Italy.
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MeSH Terms
Bread / analysis*
Cereals / chemistry*,  microbiology
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
Crops, Agricultural / chemistry,  microbiology
Flour / analysis
Food Contamination / prevention & control*
Food Handling / methods*
Fusarium / growth & development,  metabolism*
Hot Temperature
Models, Biological
Mycotoxins / analysis*,  biosynthesis,  chemistry,  isolation & purification
Spectrometry, Mass, Electrospray Ionization
Tandem Mass Spectrometry
Time Factors
Trichothecenes / analysis*,  biosynthesis,  chemistry,  isolation & purification
Triticum / chemistry,  microbiology
Water / analysis
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Mycotoxins; 0/Trichothecenes; 51481-10-8/deoxynivalenol; 7732-18-5/Water

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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