Document Detail


Fatalities to occupants of cargo areas of pickup trucks.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10868756     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
We sought to describe the fatalities to occupants of pickup truck cargo areas and to compare the mortality of cargo area occupants to passengers in the cab. From the Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) files for 1987-1996, we identified occupants of pickup trucks with at least one fatality and at least one passenger in the cargo area. Outcomes of cargo area occupants and passengers in the cab were compared using estimating equations conditional on the crash and vehicle. Thirty-four percent of deaths to cargo occupants were in noncrash events without vehicle deformation. Fifty-five percent of those who died were age 15-29 years and 79% were male. The fatality risk ratio (FRR) comparing cargo area occupants to front seat occupants was 3.0 (95% Confidence Interval [CI] = 2.7-3.4). The risk was 7.9 (95% CI = 6.2-10.1) times that of restrained front seat occupants. The FRR ranged from 92 (95% CI = 47-179) in noncrash events to 1.7 (95% CI = 1.5-1.9) in crashes with severe vehicle deformation. The FRR was 1.8 (95% CI = 1.4-2.3) for occupants of enclosed cargo areas and 3.5 (95% CI = 3.1-4.0) for occupants of open cargo areas. We conclude that passengers in cargo areas of pickup trucks have a higher risk of death than front seat occupants, especially in noncrash events, and that camper shells offer only limited protection for cargo area occupants.
Authors:
C L Anderson; P F Agran; D G Winn; S Greenland
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Accident; analysis and prevention     Volume:  32     ISSN:  0001-4575     ISO Abbreviation:  Accid Anal Prev     Publication Date:  2000 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-10-19     Completed Date:  2000-10-19     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1254476     Medline TA:  Accid Anal Prev     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  533-40     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Health Policy and Research, University of California, Irvine 92697-5800, USA. clanders@uci.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Accidents, Traffic / mortality*
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Cause of Death
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Motor Vehicles / statistics & numerical data*
Risk Factors
Wounds and Injuries / mortality*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
P49/CCR 91269-02//PHS HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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