Document Detail


Fatal crashes of passenger vehicles before and after adding antilock braking systems.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9370011     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Fatal crash rates of passenger cars and vans were compared for the last model year before four-wheel antilock brakes were introduced and the first model year for which antilock brakes were standard equipment. Vehicles selected for analysis had no other significant design changes between the model years being compared, and the model years with and without antilocks were no more than two years apart. The overall fatal crash rates were similar for the two model years. However, the vehicles with antilocks were significantly more likely to be involved in crashes fatal to their own occupants, particularly single-vehicle crashes. Conversely, antilock vehicles were less likely to be involved in crashes fatal to occupants of other vehicles or nonoccupants (pedestrians, bicyclists). Overall, antilock brakes appear to have had little effect on fatal crash involvement. Further study is needed to better understand why fatality risk has increased for occupants of antilock vehicles.
Authors:
C M Farmer; A K Lund; R E Trempel; E R Braver
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Accident; analysis and prevention     Volume:  29     ISSN:  0001-4575     ISO Abbreviation:  Accid Anal Prev     Publication Date:  1997 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-12-17     Completed Date:  1997-12-17     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1254476     Medline TA:  Accid Anal Prev     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  745-57     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Arlington, VA 22201, USA. iihs@hwysafety.org
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Accidents, Traffic / mortality*,  prevention & control
Automobiles*
Humans
Protective Devices*
Risk
United States / epidemiology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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