Document Detail

Fatal coronary artery intimal hyperplasia due to amphetamine use.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22981087     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND: Amphetamines have been reported to cause myocardial infarct, cerebral hemorrhage, aortic dissection, hypertension, vasculitis, aneurysms, and, occasionally, death from direct toxicity. To date, there have been no reports of coronary intimal hyperplasia in an amphetamine user. METHODS: A 29-year-old male was found collapsed after jogging. He had been taking amphetamines for 11 years for attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Past medical history was positive for mild hypertension and migraine headaches. He underwent a complete autopsy and drug screen. RESULTS: At gross autopsy his left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery was occluded and he had an old myocardial infarct in the anterior wall of the left ventricle. Microscopic findings included occlusive intimal hyperplasia (positive for smooth muscle actin) in the LAD and an old left ventricular anterior wall infarct surrounded by acute infarct. CONCLUSION: In addition to other reported adverse effects, amphetamines can also cause occlusive intimal hyperplasia of the coronary arteries.
Stephen D Cohle
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-9-11
Journal Detail:
Title:  Cardiovascular pathology : the official journal of the Society for Cardiovascular Pathology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1879-1336     ISO Abbreviation:  Cardiovasc. Pathol.     Publication Date:  2012 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-9-17     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9212060     Medline TA:  Cardiovasc Pathol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Spectrum Health Blodgett Campus, Grand Rapids, MI 49506. Electronic address:
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