Document Detail

Fatal Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease: the lupus connection.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12634955     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease (KFD) is a histiocytic necrotizing lymphadenitis found mainly in young women. Patients typically present with cervical lymphadenopathy and fever and follow almost always a benign course with excellent outcomes. The etiology of KFD remains unknown and controversial although several viruses have been associated with this disease. One theory proposes that KFD may be a self-limiting form of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). This theory is strongly supported by the fact that microscopic features of KFD can be very similar to those found in lupus lymphadenitis. Despite its usually benign course, several cases with fatal outcomes have been reported. We report here a case of clinically aggressive KFD, which featured several autoimmune-related events and resulted in a fatal outcome. Autopsy studies showed characteristic findings of SLE, which suggests a remarkable link between SLE and KFD. Early and intensive immunosuppressive treatment may be the only option for patients who develop very aggressive forms of KFD in order to avoid a fatal outcome.
A Quintás-Cardama; M Fraga; S N Cozzi; A Caparrini; F Maceiras; J Forteza
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Comparative Study; Journal Article     Date:  2003-02-22
Journal Detail:
Title:  Annals of hematology     Volume:  82     ISSN:  0939-5555     ISO Abbreviation:  Ann. Hematol.     Publication Date:  2003 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-03-13     Completed Date:  2003-05-07     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9107334     Medline TA:  Ann Hematol     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  186-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Medicine, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Jacobi Medical Center, Building #1, Room 3N21, 1400 Pelham Parkway South, Bronx, NY 10461, USA.
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MeSH Terms
B-Lymphocytes / pathology
Fatal Outcome
Histiocytic Necrotizing Lymphadenitis / diagnosis*,  immunology,  pathology
Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic* / immunology,  pathology
Lymph Nodes / pathology
Spleen / pathology
T-Lymphocytes / pathology
Erratum In:
Ann Hematol. 2003 Jun;82(6):377

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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