Document Detail

Fat intake and metabolism in Swedish and Italian infants.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10677053     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The purpose of the study was to compare fat intake and metabolism between two infant populations from Sweden and Italy given breast milk or similar infant formulas, but different weaning foods. Nutrient intake and fat metabolism were studied prospectively from 3-12 mo in 68 Swedish and 46 Italian healthy infants, breastfed or given similar infant formulas in combination with Swedish or Mediterranean weaning foods. Although nutrient intake and fat metabolism were similar at 6 mo, fat intake was lower at 12 mo in the Italian than in the Swedish formula group (p < 0.001). At 6 and 12 mo, higher dietary ratios of monounsaturated to saturated fatty acids (p < 0.01 and p < 0.001, respectively), and monounsaturated to polyunsaturated fatty acids (p < 0.05, p < 0.001) were found in the Italian than in the Swedish formula group. Total cholesterol and apolipoprotein B were lower at 6 mo (p < 0.01) in Italian breastfed infants than in Swedish ones. Lower concentrations at 6 and 12 mo of total cholesterol (p < 0.05, p < 0.05, respectively), apolipoprotein B (p < 0.05, p < 0.01) and triglycerides (p < 0.001, p < 0.01), and of apolipoprotein A1 (p < 0.01) at 12 mo, were found in the Italian formula group than in the Swedish one. In conclusion, plasma total cholesterol, apolipoprotein B and triglycerides were found to be lower in Italian infants than in Swedish infants during the second half of infancy. These findings may partly result from differences in fat compositions between Swedish and Mediterranean weaning diets and in total fat intake in late infancy. Differences in duration of breastfeeding and possibly in breast milk composition may also have influenced our results.
P K Akeson; I E Axelsson; N C Räihä; A Warm; I Minoli; G Moro
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta paediatrica (Oslo, Norway : 1992)     Volume:  89     ISSN:  0803-5253     ISO Abbreviation:  Acta Paediatr.     Publication Date:  2000 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-03-02     Completed Date:  2000-03-02     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9205968     Medline TA:  Acta Paediatr     Country:  NORWAY    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  28-33     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Paediatrics, Lund University, Malmö University Hospital, Malmö, Sweden.
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MeSH Terms
Age Factors
Apolipoproteins / blood
Breast Feeding*
Cholesterol / blood
Data Interpretation, Statistical
Dietary Fats / administration & dosage*
Energy Intake
Infant Food*
Lipids / blood*
Prospective Studies
Triglycerides / blood
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Apolipoproteins; 0/Dietary Fats; 0/Lipids; 0/Triglycerides; 57-88-5/Cholesterol

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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