Document Detail

Fat inhibition of gastric acid secretion in man and plasma concentrations of neurotensin-like immunoreactivity.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7323689     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The effects of intraduodenal administration of oleic acid (5, 10, 20, and 40 ml) on gastric acid secretion stimulated by a submaximal intravenous pentagastrin infusion and on plasma concentrations on neurotensin-like plasma immunoreactivity (NTLI) were studied in 18 healthy subjects. Each volume of oleic acid or saline (controls) was tested in six subjects except the volume of 20 ml, which was given to ten subjects. Gastric acid secretion was studied for a 2-h period at 15-min intervals after intraduodenal infusion. Five milliliters oleic acid evoked a significant inhibition (29%) of gastric acid secretion. Maximal inhibition by oleic acid appeared after 20 ml (43%), which was significantly greater than after 10 ml. In seven duodenal ulcer (DU) patients 20 ml oleic acid evoked an inhibition of 20%, which was significantly lower than in the healthy subjects. Proximal gastric vagotomy (PGV) abolished the fat inhibition in DU patients. Basal and peak NTLI concentrations after 20 ml oleic acid were significantly lower in DU patients than in health subjects. In DU patients there was no significant difference in the integrated response of NTLI before and after PGV. The 2-h integrated NTLI response was dependent on the administered volume of oleic acid in healthy subjects. There was a correlation between acid inhibition and the integrated response ot NTLI in healthy subjects. This suggests that immunoreactive neurotensin may be involved in the oleic-acid-induced inhibition of gastric acid secretion. Neurotensin, or a neurotensin metabolite, apparently exerts its inhibitory effect at a synaptic level, which explains the finding that oleic acid did not inhibit gastric acid secretion after PGV. Neurotensin may have a physiological role as a hormone with enterogastrone functions.
B Kihl; A Rökaeus; S Rosell; L Olbe
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Scandinavian journal of gastroenterology     Volume:  16     ISSN:  0036-5521     ISO Abbreviation:  Scand. J. Gastroenterol.     Publication Date:  1981  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1982-03-13     Completed Date:  1982-03-13     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0060105     Medline TA:  Scand J Gastroenterol     Country:  NORWAY    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  513-26     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Depression, Chemical
Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
Duodenal Ulcer / physiopathology
Gastric Acid / secretion*
Gastric Acidity Determination
Middle Aged
Neurotensin / blood*
Oleic Acids / administration & dosage,  pharmacology*
Vagotomy, Proximal Gastric
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Antacids; 0/Antigens; 0/Oleic Acids; 39379-15-2/Neurotensin

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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