Document Detail


Fat distribution and hemostatic measures in obese children.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9625085     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
We examined the relation of general and visceral adiposity to plasma hemostatic factors [fibrinogen, D-dimer, and plasminogen activator inhibitor 1 (PAI-1)] in obese boys and girls 7-11 y of age (n = 41). Boys had significantly greater fibrinogen and D-dimer concentrations than girls (P < 0.05). whereas blacks had significantly greater fibrinogen and D-dimer concentrations than whites (P < 0.05). Univariate analyses revealed that fibrinogen was positively associated with percentage body fat (%BF) (r = 0.42, P < 0.01), subcutaneous abdominal adipose tissue (SAAT) (r = 0.40, P < 0.01), total fat mass (r = 0.42, P < 0.01), and body mass index (r = 0.41, P < 0.01). PAI-1 was positively associated with visceral adipose tissue (VAT) (r = 0.49, P < 0.01), SAAT (r = 0.32, P < 0.05), fat-free mass (r = 0.50, P < 0.01), and insulin (r = 0.61, P < 0.001). D-Dimer was positively associated with %BF (r = 0.40, P < 0.01), SAAT (r = 0.37, P < 0.05), total fat mass (r = 0.40, P < 0.01), and body mass index (r = 0.43, P < 0.01). Multiple regression analysis revealed that for fibrinogen, sex and higher %BF explained significant independent portions of the variance. For PAI-1, higher amounts of VAT and fat-free mass were significant predictors. For D-dimer, ethnicity was a significant predictor. These results suggest that general adiposity and VAT may play a role in regulating plasma hemostatic factors in obese children. Even early in childhood, adiposity is associated with unfavorable concentrations of hemostatic factors that are in turn implicated in cardiovascular morbidity and mortality later in life.
Authors:
M A Ferguson; B Gutin; S Owens; M Litaker; R P Tracy; J Allison
Related Documents :
8653545 - The association among fat distribution, physical fitness, and the risk factors of cardi...
15281005 - Body fat is the main predictor of fibrinogen levels in healthy non-obese men.
11850745 - Habitual fat intake and basal fat oxidation in obese and non-obese caucasians.
1128235 - Regional adipose tissue cellularity in relation to metabolism in young and middle-aged ...
2756925 - Vitamin e status of northern canadian newborns: relation of vitamin e to blood lipids.
6601985 - Divergent effects of retinoids on pancreatic and liver carcinogenesis in azaserine-trea...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of clinical nutrition     Volume:  67     ISSN:  0002-9165     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Clin. Nutr.     Publication Date:  1998 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1998-06-30     Completed Date:  1998-06-30     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376027     Medline TA:  Am J Clin Nutr     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1136-40     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Georgia Prevention Institute, Department of Pediatrics, Medical College of Georgia, Augusta 30912-3710, USA.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adipose Tissue*
African Continental Ancestry Group
Anthropometry
Cardiovascular Diseases
Child
European Continental Ancestry Group
Exercise
Female
Hemostatics / blood*
Humans
Male
Obesity / blood*
Risk Factors
Sex Factors
Tissue Distribution
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
HL 49549/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Hemostatics
Comments/Corrections
Comment In:
Am J Clin Nutr. 1998 Jun;67(6):1106-7   [PMID:  9625079 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Parents as the exclusive agents of change in the treatment of childhood obesity.
Next Document:  Clustering of cardiovascular disease risk factors among obese schoolchildren: the Taipei Children He...