Document Detail

Fast-food and full-service restaurant consumption among children and adolescents: effect on energy, beverage, and nutrient intake.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23128151     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of fast-food and full-service restaurant consumption on total energy intake, dietary indicators, and beverage consumption.
DESIGN: Individual-level fixed-effects estimation based on 2 nonconsecutive 24-hour dietary recalls.
SETTING: Nationally representative data from the 2003-2004, 2005-2006, and 2007-2008 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.
PARTICIPANTS: Children aged 2 to 11 years (n = 4717) and adolescents aged 12 to 19 years (n = 4699).
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Daily total energy intake in kilocalories; intake of grams of sugar, total fat, saturated fat, and protein and milligrams of sodium; and total grams of sugar-sweetened beverages, regular soda, and milk consumed.
RESULTS: Fast-food and full-service restaurant consumption, respectively, was associated with a net increase in daily total energy intake of 126.29 kcal and 160.49 kcal for children and 309.53 kcal and 267.30 kcal for adolescents and with higher intake of regular soda (73.77 g and 88.28 g for children and 163.67 g and 107.25 g for adolescents) and sugar-sweetened beverages generally. Fast-food consumption increased intake of total fat (7.03-14.36 g), saturated fat (1.99-4.64 g), and sugar (5.71-16.24 g) for both age groups and sodium (396.28 mg) and protein (7.94 g) for adolescents. Full-service restaurant consumption was associated with increases in all nutrients examined. Additional key findings were (1) adverse effects on diet were larger for lower-income children and adolescents and (2) among adolescents, increased soda intake was twice as large when fast food was consumed away from home than at home.
CONCLUSION: Fast-food and full-service restaurant consumption is associated with higher net total energy intake and poorer diet quality.
Lisa M Powell; Binh T Nguyen
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural    
Journal Detail:
Title:  JAMA pediatrics     Volume:  167     ISSN:  2168-6211     ISO Abbreviation:  JAMA Pediatr     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-02-20     Completed Date:  2013-03-04     Revised Date:  2014-01-09    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101589544     Medline TA:  JAMA Pediatr     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  14-20     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Beverages / statistics & numerical data
Child, Preschool
Diet / statistics & numerical data*
Diet Surveys
Dietary Fats
Dietary Proteins
Dietary Sucrose
Energy Intake
Fast Foods*
Models, Statistical
Multivariate Analysis
Regression Analysis
Sodium, Dietary
United States
Young Adult
Grant Support
11IPA1102973//PHS HHS; R01 CA138456/CA/NCI NIH HHS; R01CA138456/CA/NCI NIH HHS
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Dietary Fats; 0/Dietary Proteins; 0/Dietary Sucrose; 0/Sodium, Dietary
Summary for patients in:
JAMA Pediatr. 2013 Jan;167(1):100   [PMID:  23302899 ]

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