Document Detail


Family resemblance for anthropometric and blood pressure measurements in Black Caribs and Creoles from St. Vincent Island.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3618749     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This paper examines family resemblance for five anthropometric measurements (height, weight, triceps skinfold, upper arm circumference relaxed [UACR] and flexed [UACF] and for systolic and diastolic blood pressure in a group of adult Caribbean islanders of primarily African ancestry. Six hypotheses about family resemblance are tested by using path analysis and likelihood ratios. Significant intergenerational transmission is found only for height and UACR. For weight, UACF, and diastolic blood pressure, non-transmissible sibling resemblance is the primary component of family resemblance, although significant marital resemblance exists for diastolic blood pressure. Triceps skinfold and systolic blood pressure show no evidence of any family resemblance. Although results for highly heritable traits such as height are comparable to reports from other populations, measurements with a large contribution from common family environment or residual environmental effects, such as triceps skinfold or blood pressure, have much lower family resemblance in this population than in other populations. We hypothesize that this difference is due to the fact that adult children and their parents do not share a common household in this culture and to the presence of major nonfamilial environmental factors contributing to obesity and hypertension in this population.
Authors:
J Hutchinson; P J Byard
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of physical anthropology     Volume:  73     ISSN:  0002-9483     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Phys. Anthropol.     Publication Date:  1987 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1987-09-11     Completed Date:  1987-09-11     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0400654     Medline TA:  Am J Phys Anthropol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  33-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Anthropometry*
Blood Pressure*
Body Height
Body Weight
Ethnic Groups*
Female
Humans
Hypertension / ethnology,  genetics
Male
Middle Aged
Obesity / ethnology,  genetics
Skinfold Thickness
West Indies
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
4932-X706-4//PHS HHS; K04 DE028-05/DE/NIDCR NIH HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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