Document Detail


Family history of inflammatory bowel disease in patients with idiopathic ocular inflammation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16765679     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
PURPOSE: To determine the prevalence of a family history (FMH) of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in patients with idiopathic ocular inflammation (OI). DESIGN: Retrospective observational study. METHODS: Medical records of idiopathic OI patients seen between January 1995 and June 2005 in the University of Illinois Uveitis Clinic were screened for a FMH of IBD. FMH included first, second, and third degree relatives. RESULTS: 727 (32.8%) patients had idiopathic OI. 26 of 727 (3.6%) and 10 of 727 (1.4%) reported a FMH of ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease, respectively. 16 (2.2%) patients with a FMH of indeterminate colitis were excluded from subsequent comparisons. The prevalence of a FMH of IBD among patients with idiopathic OI was 3- to 15-fold higher than the prevalence of UC and Crohn's in the general population (0.055% to 0.27%). Keratoiritis was more common and granulomatous disease less frequent in patients with a FMH of IBD (P = .014 and .019). Patients tested 26.3% with a FMH of IBD, and 66.7% of patients tested with IBD themselves, were HLA-B27 positive (odds ratio [OR] 5.6, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.77 to 45.8), compared with 40.1% of patients with neither (OR 1.87, 95% CI 0.61 to 6.83). CONCLUSIONS: A FMH of IBD may be an independent risk factor for the development of OI. In contrast to the subgroup of patients with a personal history of IBD, HLA-B27 may not be an appropriate marker in the subgroup of patients with merely a FMH of IBD, emphasizing the importance of investigating other immunologic factors that may predispose patients with IBD and their relatives to OI.
Authors:
Phoebe Lin; Howard H Tessler; Debra A Goldstein
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of ophthalmology     Volume:  141     ISSN:  0002-9394     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Ophthalmol.     Publication Date:  2006 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-06-12     Completed Date:  2006-07-06     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370500     Medline TA:  Am J Ophthalmol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1097-104     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
University of Illinois Eye Center, Chicago, 60612, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Child
Child, Preschool
Endophthalmitis / blood,  etiology*
Family Health
Female
HLA-B27 Antigen / blood
Humans
Inflammation
Inflammatory Bowel Diseases / blood,  genetics*
Male
Middle Aged
Prevalence
Retrospective Studies
Risk Factors
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/HLA-B27 Antigen

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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