Document Detail


Family centered maternity care: its relationship to perinatal regionalization and neonatal intensive care.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  963936     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
For several months prior to birth a major portion of a family's attention, conversation, thought, and often worry, is directed toward the idea of a new child. This prolonged attention and anticipation contribute to making childbirth an emotionally charged experience. In psychological terms, it is therefore a critical period of peak motivation for learning, and a time to peak susceptibility to reinforcement. Theory, reason, and scientific evidence indicate thng with childbirth and early postpartum experiences, can significantly affect subsequent parental behaviors, the child's central environment influence. Evidence strongly suggests that these parental attitudes and behaviors so crucial to the child's ultimate well-being are learned rather than derived instinctually, and therefore they are malleable and can be taught, directed, and corrected. Through education and reinforcement it is possible to encourage parental behaviors and child interactions which are products of feelings of control, competence, accomplishment, understanding, and caring. Similarly we can recognize and work toward replacing attitudes, feelings, and behaviors that express fear, worry, and insecurity about the child. Over the past 50 years major changes have occurred in the practice of obstetrics and newborn pediatrics. Other major changes will necessarily occur as we move toward perinatal regionalization. Changes instigated solely on physiologic data can have unrecognized collateral effects on the psychological component of the childbirth experience. All concerned health care personnel, especially obstetricians and pediatricians, can insist that the importance of desirable mother-father-child interactions be recognized and that practices fostering them be afforded a high priority. I would like to endorse a comment from a recent article by Richmond concerning the advent of behavioral pediatrics by adding that behavioral obstetrics is also "an idea whose time has arrived".
Authors:
W H Swartz; J V Swartz
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinics in perinatology     Volume:  3     ISSN:  0095-5108     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin Perinatol     Publication Date:  1976 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1976-11-21     Completed Date:  1976-11-21     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7501306     Medline TA:  Clin Perinatol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  431-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Delivery, Obstetric
Family*
Humans
Intensive Care Units
Parent-Child Relations
Regional Medical Programs
United States

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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