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Family and Neighborhood Disadvantage, Home Environment, and Children's School Readiness.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25150370     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The purpose of this study was to examine associations between family socioeconomic risk, neighborhood disadvantage, and children's school readiness. A sample of 420 children from 48 early childcare programs yielded multi-informant data. The average age was 55.3 months (SD = 6.4), with 38% of children being Black, non-Hispanic, Hispanic, or other minority race (American Indian or Alaska Native, Asian, and Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander). One third (32.4%) of the parents had annual incomes less than $30,000. We used multilevel structural equation modeling to test direct and indirect associations among family socioeconomic risk and neighborhood disadvantage and children's cognitive and social-emotional development through home learning environment and parental depression. Children with a greater number of family socioeconomic risks and a higher level of neighborhood disadvantage demonstrated lower scores on cognitive skills. The degree of family socioeconomic risk was indirectly associated with children's cognitive ability through parents' cognitive stimulation at home. Parents who had more family socioeconomic risks and neighborhood disadvantage reported more depressive symptoms, which, in turn, suggested children's greater probability of having social-emotional problems. In other words, home learning environments explained associations between family socioeconomic disadvantage and children's cognitive skills, while parental depression explained associations between family/neighborhood disadvantages and children's social-emotional problems. Results suggest the importance of intervention or prevention strategies for parents to improve cognitive stimulation at home and to reduce depressive symptoms. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved).
Authors:
Lieny Jeon; Cynthia K Buettner; Eunhye Hur
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-8-25
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of family psychology : JFP : journal of the Division of Family Psychology of the American Psychological Association (Division 43)     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1939-1293     ISO Abbreviation:  J Fam Psychol     Publication Date:  2014 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-8-24     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8802265     Medline TA:  J Fam Psychol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
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