Document Detail


Families, economies, cultures, and science achievement in 41 countries: country-, school-, and student-level analyses.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17874936     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This study examines the links between students' families and science achievement across many countries. Science tests and questionnaire responses of 107,834 fifteen-year-olds in 41 countries were analyzed with multilevel analyses. Students had higher science scores if they were native born, lived with two parents, lived without grandparents, lived with fewer siblings (especially older ones), had more educational resources, had more family involvement, lived in wealthier countries, or lived in countries with more equal distributions of household income. In wealthier countries, family involvement, blended families, and number of siblings showed stronger links to science scores. Science achievement was more strongly linked to family socioeconomic status (SES) and educational resources in more egalitarian cultures and to single parents, family SES, resident grandparents, and birth order in more individualistic cultures. Hence, family constructs were linked to academic achievement in all 41 countries, and the links were stronger in more economically and culturally developed countries.
Authors:
Ming Ming Chiu
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of family psychology : JFP : journal of the Division of Family Psychology of the American Psychological Association (Division 43)     Volume:  21     ISSN:  0893-3200     ISO Abbreviation:  J Fam Psychol     Publication Date:  2007 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-09-18     Completed Date:  2007-10-25     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8802265     Medline TA:  J Fam Psychol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  510-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2007 APA, all rights reserved
Affiliation:
Department of Educational Psychology, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, N.T., Hong Kong. mingming@cuhk.edu.hk
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Achievement*
Adolescent
Cross-Cultural Comparison
Cross-Sectional Studies
Culture*
Family / psychology*
Humans
Science*
Socioeconomic Factors

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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