Document Detail

Familial diseases revealed by a fetal anomaly.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17139695     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVES: The recognition of a fetal anomaly can lead to the same diagnosis being made in one of the asymptomatic parents unaware of the problem. We analyzed cases in which the discovery of a fetal anomaly led to the discovery of a genetic familial disorder. METHODS: Families in which the recognition of a fetal anomaly led to the same diagnosis being made in one of the asymptomatic parents were included. RESULTS: Twenty couples were included in the study. The fetal anomalies were cleft lip and palate (4), cardiac anomalies (2), cerebral anomalies (1), bilateral club feet with polyhydramnios, akinesia or camptodactily (5), nuchal anomalies (2), micromelia (3), polydactyly (2), and limited elbow extension (1). Genetic counselling helped establish nine maternal diseases as follows: Steinert disease (3), spinal muscular atrophy (1), antecubital pterygium (1), DiGeorge (1), Wardenburg type II (1), Charge (1) and Greig syndromes (1). Eleven paternal diseases were discovered, which were Noonan-like syndrome (1), paternal cervical anomalies (1), Goldenhar syndrome (1), dominant autosomal arthrogryposis (1), osteogenesis imperfecta (3), tuberous sclerosis (1), dominant transposition of great vessels (1), Weyers acrofacial dysostosis (1), and autosomal dominant holoprosencephaly (1). Twelve couples continued with pregnancy and eight opted for termination of pregnancy. CONCLUSION: The fetus is central in giving the first insight into a familial disorder. It can reveal familial diseases undiscovered in the parent and help understand the mode of transmission of an anomaly, mainly the autosomal dominant diseases with variable expressions.
R Robyr; J-P Bernard; J Roume; Y Ville
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Prenatal diagnosis     Volume:  26     ISSN:  0197-3851     ISO Abbreviation:  Prenat. Diagn.     Publication Date:  2006 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-12-07     Completed Date:  2007-02-20     Revised Date:  2009-11-19    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8106540     Medline TA:  Prenat Diagn     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1224-34     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright (c) 2006 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Paris-Ouest University VSQ, France.
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MeSH Terms
Abnormalities, Multiple / diagnosis,  genetics*
Family Health*
Fetus / abnormalities*
Genetic Counseling
Genetic Predisposition to Disease*
Genetic Testing*
Gestational Age
Prenatal Diagnosis

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