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False-negative Results with the Bethesda System of Reporting Thyroid Cytopathology: Predictors of Malignancy in Thyroid Nodules Classified as Benign by Cytopathologic Evaluation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25105404     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The benign category of the Bethesda System for reporting thyroid cytopathology (BSRTC) predicts an incidence of malignancy from zero to three per cent. However, recent series report higher rates of malignancy ranging from eight to 14 per cent. Surgery is often performed for reasons other than their fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) such as symptoms, nodule enlargement, or worrisome imaging. We hypothesized that an analysis of patients who underwent thyroidectomy despite a benign FNAB would identify predictors of malignancy, an area not currently addressed by American Thyroid Association guidelines. We performed a retrospective analysis of patients with benign FNAB results who underwent thyroidectomy from October 2007 to October 2012. Data collected included symptoms, imaging findings, FNAB results, and operative and histopathology results, all of which were obtained by chart review. Findings were compared between patients with and without a diagnosis of malignancy. Statistical significance was set as P < 0.05. Of 3839 FNABs, 2838 were benign. Of these, 180 underwent surgery for indications other than the FNAB category. Twenty-four (13.4%) malignancies were identified: 12 (6.7%) incidental microcarcinomas and 12 (6.7%) significant cancers (papillary greater than 1.0 cm, any nonpapillary histology). No patient's symptoms or signs reached significance as a predictor of malignancy. Suspicious ultrasound appearance was significantly associated with an underlying carcinoma (P = 0.004). The false-negative result with benign FNAB is higher in surgical series than suggested by the BSRTC. Patients with tolerable symptoms may be observed in the face of a benign FNAB. Additionally, despite a benign FNAB, recommendations for closer follow-up or surgical intervention are warranted if the ultrasound appearance is suspicious.
Authors:
Bryan K Richmond; Rudy Judhan; Benny Chong; Adam Ubert; Zachary AbuRahma; William Mangano; Stephanie Thompson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American surgeon     Volume:  80     ISSN:  1555-9823     ISO Abbreviation:  Am Surg     Publication Date:  2014 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-08-09     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370522     Medline TA:  Am Surg     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  811-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
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