Document Detail


Falls among elderly people living at home: medical and social factors in a national sample.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1506168     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Falls are the most common accidents among the elderly, and while medical risk factors are well known, less is known about the association of falls with social factors. The aims of this study were to estimate the incidence rate of falls in a national, representative sample of Israeli elderly and to examine the association of falls with selected medical and social factors. A special national survey conducted in 1985 by the Israel Central Bureau of Statistics showed that among a representative sample of 3,494 community-dwelling elderly persons aged greater than or equal to 65, 24% reported a fall in the past year; the rate was 16% among men and 31% among women. The majority of falls reported happened out of doors. Of those who fell 37% subsequently visited the emergency room. Analyses adjusted for age and sex showed that single persons, particularly women, living alone reported falls at a higher rate than their married counterparts. Analyses adjusted for age, sex and mobility level showed that frequency of social interaction was inversely related to reported falls. Use of sleeping pills, problems with vision, and mobility restrictions were associated with falls in age- and sex-adjusted analyses. Advanced age (greater than 75 years) was associated with repeated falls that occurred both in the home and outdoors.
Authors:
J Cwikel
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Israel journal of medical sciences     Volume:  28     ISSN:  0021-2180     ISO Abbreviation:  Isr. J. Med. Sci.     Publication Date:  1992 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1992-09-18     Completed Date:  1992-09-18     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0013105     Medline TA:  Isr J Med Sci     Country:  ISRAEL    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  446-53     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Brookdale Institute for Gerontology and Adult Human Development, Jerusalem, Israel.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Accidental Falls / prevention & control,  statistics & numerical data*
Activities of Daily Living
Age Factors
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Causality
Educational Status
Emergency Service, Hospital / utilization
Ethnic Groups
Family Characteristics
Female
Humans
Hypnotics and Sedatives / adverse effects
Incidence
Israel / epidemiology
Male
Primary Prevention / methods
Questionnaires
Sampling Studies
Sex Factors
Social Support
Socioeconomic Factors
Vision Disorders / complications
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Hypnotics and Sedatives
Comments/Corrections
Comment In:
Isr J Med Sci. 1992 Jul;28(7):460-2   [PMID:  1506171 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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