Document Detail

Falafel burger anaphylaxis due to sesame seed allergy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8346864     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
With the increasing demand for vegetarian food the consumption of vegetable burgers as an alternative to beef burgers has now become widespread. Since products of this kind are often not provided with a clear description of their components or ingredients, potential allergens generally cannot be identified by the consumer. Their ingestion, however, may lead to severe allergic reactions in sensitized individuals. Here we describe nine systemic allergic reactions to sesame seeds that were diagnosed at the Allergy Unit, Department of Dermatology, Zürich, Switzerland between 1978 and 1991. In 1991 alone, we registered three cases of anaphylactic reaction to falafel vegetable burgers in patients allergic to sesame seeds. A falafel is an oriental specialty consisting of a wheat flour bun filled with chickpea balls. It is served together with a white sauce containing freshly ground sesame seeds. Our cases highlight the potential danger of vegetarian food and underline the importance of a proper allergologic assessment to recognize food allergy promptly so that the patient can eliminate the causative allergen and use suitable medication in the event of a dietary indiscretion.
M K Kägi; B Wüthrich
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Annals of allergy     Volume:  71     ISSN:  0003-4738     ISO Abbreviation:  Ann Allergy     Publication Date:  1993 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1993-09-09     Completed Date:  1993-09-09     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372346     Medline TA:  Ann Allergy     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  127-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Dermatology, University Hospital, Zürich, Switzerland.
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MeSH Terms
Allergens / adverse effects*,  immunology
Anaphylaxis / etiology*
Food Hypersensitivity / diagnosis,  immunology
Radioallergosorbent Test
Seeds / immunology*
Sesame Oil / immunology*
Vegetables / immunology
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Allergens; 8008-74-0/Sesame Oil

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