Document Detail

Fairness modulates non-conscious facial mimicry in women.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22648158     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
In societies with high cooperation demands, implicit consensus on social norms enables successful human coexistence. Mimicking other people's actions and emotions has been proposed as a means to synchronize behaviour, thereby enhancing affiliation. Mimicry has long been thought to be reflexive, but it has recently been suggested that mimicry might also be motivationally driven. Here, we show during an economic bargaining game that automatic happy mimicry of those making unfair offers disappears. After the bargaining game, when the proposers have acquired either a fair or unfair reputation, we observe increased angry mimicry of proposers with an unfair reputation and decreased angry mimicry of fair proposers. These findings provide direct empirical evidence that non-conscious mimicry is modulated by fairness. We interpret the present results as reflecting that facial mimicry in women functions conditionally, dependent on situational demands.
Dennis Hofman; Peter A Bos; Dennis J L G Schutter; Jack van Honk
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2012-05-30
Journal Detail:
Title:  Proceedings. Biological sciences / The Royal Society     Volume:  279     ISSN:  1471-2954     ISO Abbreviation:  Proc. Biol. Sci.     Publication Date:  2012 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-07-30     Completed Date:  2012-12-03     Revised Date:  2013-09-10    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101245157     Medline TA:  Proc Biol Sci     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  3535-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Experimental Psychology, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands.
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MeSH Terms
Facial Expression*
Games, Experimental
Interpersonal Relations*
Young Adult

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