Document Detail

Failure of human insulin to influence endogenous basal insulin secretion in mild diabetics.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3550369     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
In evaluating the possibility of self-regulation of insulin secretion in man, human insulin may be more appropriate as an inhibitor to be considered than insulins from other species because the differences in the structure of the hormones might play some part in this conflicting proposal. The present study was carried out to examine whether human insulin per se can exert a feedback effect on the insulin secretion of B-cell in mild diabetics under physiologic condition. Fifteen mild diabetics were given a two-hour infusion of human insulin at a constant rate of 40 mU/m/min after a priming dose of 160 mU/m/min for the first two minutes. The plasma glucose in nine of these patients were maintained at their basal level of 92.8 +/- 3.7 mg/dL (Group A) with a glucose clamp technique (the coefficient of variation = 5.0 +/- 0.8% during the clamp), while that in the remaining six patients were intentionally altered, within physiologic range, from 114.5 +/- 8.4 mg/dL to 83.8 +/- 4.9 mg/dL (Group B). During insulin infusion the plasma immunoreactive insulin (IRI) level were well-maintained at about 50 microU/mL level in both groups, whereas the C-peptide reactivity (CPR) in group B decreased from 1.28 +/- 0.15 ng/mL to 0.59 +/- 0.14 ng/mL in parallel to the change of plasma glucose, in contrast to the relatively stable CPR level of 0.92 +/- 0.08 ng/mL in group A.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
M Hirota; K Shima; A Tanaka; Y Tahara; H Ikegami; Y Kumahara
Related Documents :
22682639 - Metabolic actions of insulin-like growth factor-i in normal physiology and diabetes.
22755329 - Current understanding of treatment and management protocol for adult diabetic in-patien...
8093879 - Dynamics of hepatic and peripheral insulin effects suggest common rate-limiting step in...
1449039 - The relationship between first-phase insulin secretion and glucose metabolism.
22788579 - Change in diabetic panretinal photocoagulation incidence.
6993139 - "normal" insulin secretion: the goal of artificial insulin delivery systems?
24656589 - Molecular mechanisms of glut4 regulation in adipocytes.
2693569 - Metabolic response of acylation stimulating protein to an oral fat load.
15551159 - Islets secretory capacity determines glucose homoeostasis in the face of insulin resist...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Metabolism: clinical and experimental     Volume:  36     ISSN:  0026-0495     ISO Abbreviation:  Metab. Clin. Exp.     Publication Date:  1987 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1987-05-01     Completed Date:  1987-05-01     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0375267     Medline TA:  Metabolism     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  303-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
C-Peptide / analysis
Diabetes Mellitus / blood,  drug therapy*
Glucagon / blood
Insulin / secretion,  therapeutic use*
Middle Aged
Reg. No./Substance:
0/C-Peptide; 11061-68-0/Insulin; 9007-92-5/Glucagon

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Monoclonal antibody HMFG-2 retains activity in vivo and binds to high molecular weight components ex...
Next Document:  Substrate cycling between triglyceride and fatty acid in human adipocytes.