Document Detail

Facts and fiction: the death of Saint Ignatius of Loyola.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8560387     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: The biography of Ignatius of Loyola, the sainted founder of the Society of Jesus (the Jesuits), ends with his death in curious circumstances. METHODS: A careful search of the available sources written from the time of his death in 1556 to the present has reviewed the evidence. RESULTS: The evidence does not support the claims for a diagnosis that has been used for four centuries. CONCLUSIONS: So-called historical "facts" simply are the opinions of historians. Ignatius may have suffered from hyperparathyroidism that led to his death rather than from a cholangioportal venous fistula.
L D Rosenman
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Biography; Historical Article; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Surgery     Volume:  119     ISSN:  0039-6060     ISO Abbreviation:  Surgery     Publication Date:  1996 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1996-02-26     Completed Date:  1996-02-26     Revised Date:  2010-03-24    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0417347     Medline TA:  Surgery     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  56-60     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM; Q    
Department of Surgery, UCSF-Mount Zion Hospital, University of California San Francisco, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Catholicism / history*
Cholelithiasis / history*
Famous Persons*
History, 16th Century
Personal Name Subject
Personal Name Subject:
Saint Ignatius of Loyola
Comment In:
Surgery. 1996 Nov;120(5):903-4   [PMID:  8909531 ]

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