Document Detail

Factors related to tobacco use among adolescents in southern Taiwan.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19061171     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Identifying the factors related to the initiation and continuance of smoking among youth has been regarded as a crucial step for school nurses and public health nurses to develop effective smoking prevention and cessation programs in schools and communities. The purpose of this study was to investigate the factors related to adolescent tobacco use in southern Taiwan. A total of 4,500 study samples were selected at random from the students of all high schools located in Pingdong County. This process yielded 3,307 valid samples (a 73.5% response rate). Study results found 62.4% (n = 2,063) reported never having smoked before. Thirty-eight percent (n = 1,244) of participants had experience using tobacco, 59.3% (n = 738) reported being ex-smokers, and 40.7% (n = 506) were current smokers. This study found that having friends who offered cigarettes, academic achievement, father's educational level, perceived peer smoking behavior to be primary influences on smoking, attitude, and self-efficacy and significant predicators of adolescents' current smoking behaviors. Parents' marital status and having classmate who offered cigarettes were significant predictors of adolescent smoking behavior. Study findings can provide a basis for school and public health nurses to design effective smoking prevention and cessation programs in schools and community settings. This study suggests further experimental studies are necessary to test the effectiveness of tobacco control programs designed in reference to the findings of this study.
Pi-Li Lin; Li-Chi Tzeng; Kuei-Yun Lu; Hsiang-Ming Hsu
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The journal of nursing research : JNR     Volume:  16     ISSN:  1682-3141     ISO Abbreviation:  J Nurs Res     Publication Date:  2008 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-12-08     Completed Date:  2009-04-24     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101128757     Medline TA:  J Nurs Res     Country:  China (Republic : 1949- )    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  243-51     Citation Subset:  IM; N    
Department of Nursing, Meiho Institute Technology.
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MeSH Terms
Adolescent Behavior / psychology*
Adolescent Psychology
Attitude to Health*
Chi-Square Distribution
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
Health Services Needs and Demand
Logistic Models
Marital Status
Nursing Methodology Research
Parents / education,  psychology
Peer Group
Public Health Nursing
Risk Factors
School Nursing
Self Efficacy
Smoking / epidemiology,  prevention & control,  psychology*
Taiwan / epidemiology

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