Document Detail


Factors related to rapid weight loss practices among international-style wrestlers.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  14767247     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
PURPOSE: The deaths of three intercollegiate wrestlers in 1997 prompted the NCAA and governing bodies that oversee high school sports to adopt new policies prohibiting unsafe weight loss practices. Similar policies have not yet been adopted for international style wrestling, a style that attracts thousands of youth once the regulated scholastic season is over. Therefore, this study examined the rapid weight loss practices in high school wrestlers participating in international style wrestling. To do this, rapid weight gain (RWG), an index that reflects the degree of rapid weight loss (RWL), was examined. METHODS: Wrestlers (N = 2638) participating in the 1997 and 1998 National wrestling championships were randomly selected to be weighed at matside with electronic scales. The methods wrestlers used to accomplish weight loss were also assessed in a subsample of wrestlers. RESULTS: Wrestlers gained an average of 3.4 kg, which represents a 4.81% gain of body weight. The range across weight classes and age groups was -2.68 kg (-2.1% loss of body weight) to +16.73 kg (13.4% gain of body weight). No differences in RWG existed as a function of the represented state teams. In addition, wrestlers who were older and more successful (i.e., placers) gained significantly more weight that their younger and less successful counterparts (P < 0.001). Excessive running, using saunas, and wearing vapor-impermeable suits were cited as the most common methods used to achieve RWL. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that RWL still exists in international style wrestling, and similar policies to those recently instituted by the NCAA are warranted.
Authors:
Brandon L Alderman; Daniel M Landers; John Carlson; James R Scott
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Medicine and science in sports and exercise     Volume:  36     ISSN:  0195-9131     ISO Abbreviation:  Med Sci Sports Exerc     Publication Date:  2004 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-02-09     Completed Date:  2004-05-25     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8005433     Medline TA:  Med Sci Sports Exerc     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  249-52     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
Affiliation:
Department of Kinesiology, Arizona State University, Box 870404, Tempe, AZ 85287-0404, USA. balderman@asu.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Humans
Physical Education and Training / methods,  statistics & numerical data*
Prevalence
United States / epidemiology
Weight Loss / physiology*
Wrestling / physiology*,  statistics & numerical data*

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