Document Detail

Factors influencing rearfoot kinematics during a rapid lateral braking movement.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1569855     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Understanding the morphological, movement, and biomechanical characteristics that influence rearfoot motion during lateral movements is necessary for footwear design and for the determination of injury mechanisms. The purpose of this study was to identify factors related to rearfoot kinematics during a lateral braking movement. Seven highly skilled male tennis players performed 24 trials of side shuffle movements at various speeds. A rear view of the right leg performing a braking step onto a force platform was filmed. The neutral-O landing style was most commonly demonstrated. Average movement velocity, foot velocity at touchdown, and body mass were variables demonstrating weak or nonsignificant correlations with the rearfoot parameters. Although structural inversion was correlated significantly with the maximum rearfoot angle and velocity (r = -0.52 and -0.69), the results were affected by movement speed and sample size. The biomechanical characteristics displayed the greatest influence on the various rearfoot kinematic parameters. The magnitude of the significant (P less than 0.0001) correlations generally decreased in the following order: maximum horizontal and vertical force gradients, corresponding times to the maximum gradient values, maximum horizontal and vertical forces, and the corresponding times to maximum forces. In conclusion, the gradient-associated parameters were the most useful biomechanical parameters for predicting changes in rearfoot kinematics.
K J Simpson; P A Shewokis; S Alduwaisan; K T Reeves
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Medicine and science in sports and exercise     Volume:  24     ISSN:  0195-9131     ISO Abbreviation:  Med Sci Sports Exerc     Publication Date:  1992 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1992-05-28     Completed Date:  1992-05-28     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8005433     Medline TA:  Med Sci Sports Exerc     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  586-94     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
Biomechanics Laboratory, University of Georgia, Athens 30602.
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