Document Detail

Factors influencing dairy calcium intake in women.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8568109     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVES: Most national dietary studies have reported inadequate calcium (Ca) intake by women, indicating that marketing and educational efforts have not effected dietary behavior changes. The purpose of this study was to identify knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors which influence dairy Ca intake. METHODS: A questionnaire was developed to accomplish these objectives, and piloted for clarity and content validity. Dietary Ca intake was assessed using a food frequency questionnaire. After revisions, women were sampled from four sources: a health spa, elderhostel classes, through a Cooperative Extension Service program, and from the Illinois Older Women's League. The response rate was 66.5%. RESULTS: Mean total reported Ca intake (n = 351) was 591 +/- 355 mg/day. Over 40% of the women reported Ca intakes below 60% of the RDA and could therefore be considered to have deficient intake. Unfortunately, 27.1% of these with deficient intake believed they were meeting the Ca RDA. Significant differences (p < or = 0.01) were found in attitudes and beliefs about dairy Ca when comparing women whose intake was below 60% of the RDA with those whose intake was above 60%. The most commonly mentioned beliefs of the entire sample concerned cholesterol (16.5%), high calories (13.7%) and gastrointestinal discomfort (12.8%). CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest an important discrepancy between perceived and actual Ca intake which could influence receptiveness to education. Non-dairy Ca rich food sources need to be clarified as does the caloric and cholesterol content of dairy foods.
K M Chapman; M W Chan; C D Clark
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American College of Nutrition     Volume:  14     ISSN:  0731-5724     ISO Abbreviation:  J Am Coll Nutr     Publication Date:  1995 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1996-03-07     Completed Date:  1996-03-07     Revised Date:  2008-06-23    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8215879     Medline TA:  J Am Coll Nutr     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  336-40     Citation Subset:  IM    
University of Illinois, Champaign-Urbana, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Calcium, Dietary / administration & dosage*,  analysis
Dairy Products / utilization
Food Habits* / psychology
Health Education*
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice*
Middle Aged
Nutritive Value
United States
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Calcium, Dietary
Comment In:
J Am Coll Nutr. 1995 Aug;14(4):309-10   [PMID:  8568105 ]

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