Document Detail


Factors determining HIV viral testing of infants in the context of mother-to-child transmission.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20064134     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate factors determining HIV viral testing of infants in the context of Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV (PMTCT). METHODS: Post-delivery HIV infected mothers 18 years and above with babies aged 3-6 months were interviewed on HIV viral testing of infants and factors associated with it. RESULTS: Among 311 HIV infected women 61.7% had their infant tested for HIV between 4 and 8 weeks. Bivariate analyses found that older age of the mothers, lower depression scores, higher PMTCT knowledge, low PMTCT risk behaviour (maternal and infant nevirapine adherence, health facility delivery and exclusive formula feeding), HIV status disclosure and attending a support group were associated with PCR test participation. In multivariate analyses higher PMTCT knowledge, infant nevirapine adherence, and not exclusive breast feeding were associated with polymerase chain reaction test participation. CONCLUSION: Various determinants of acceptance of participation in HIV viral testing of infants in the context of PMTCT were identified that can guide infant testing and diagnosis counselling and support services of PMTCT programmes.
Authors:
K Peltzer; G Mlambo
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.     Date:  2010-01-08
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta paediatrica (Oslo, Norway : 1992)     Volume:  99     ISSN:  1651-2227     ISO Abbreviation:  Acta Paediatr.     Publication Date:  2010 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-03-31     Completed Date:  2010-07-02     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9205968     Medline TA:  Acta Paediatr     Country:  Norway    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  590-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Human Sciences Research Council, Pretoria, South Africa. KPeltzer@hsrc.ac.za
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
AIDS Serodiagnosis / statistics & numerical data*
Adolescent
Adult
Cross-Sectional Studies
Female
HIV Infections / diagnosis*,  prevention & control,  transmission*,  virology
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice*
Humans
Infant
Infant Care / methods
Infectious Disease Transmission, Vertical*
Maternal Age
Middle Aged
Patient Acceptance of Health Care*
Postnatal Care / methods
Pregnancy
Pregnancy Complications, Infectious
South Africa
Young Adult
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
1U2G PS 000570-01/PS/NCHHSTP CDC HHS

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